Etymology 1Edit

Has cognates in other Semitic languages, such as Arabic هم(hum, they). The central sense is “they”; other senses are by extension.


הֵם (hem)

  1. Those, yon, the masculine plural distant demonstrative adjective, masculine plural of הוא(hu').
Usage notesEdit
  • This adjective is nearly always found in its definite form הָהֵם(hahém).
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
  • הוא(hu', that-MASCULINE)
  • היא(hi', that-FEMININE)
  • הן(hen, those-FEMININE)


הֵם (hemm pl

  1. They, the third-person masculine plural personal pronoun, masculine plural of הוא(hu').
  2. Those, yon, the masculine plural distant demonstrative pronoun, masculine plural of הוא(hu').
  3. Are, a masculine plural present-tense copula, masculine plural of הוא(hu').
Usage notesEdit
  • Like the other personal pronouns, הם is not used as a direct object, as the object of preposition, or as a possessive pronoun; rather, its sense is incorporated into the preceding word (which is usually a preposition, especially in Modern Hebrew), which then appears in its third-person-masculine-plural-personal-pronoun-including form. This applies to its demonstrative-pronoun sense as well, as these senses are not truly distinct.
  • Like other masculine plural forms, הם is used both with masculine-only antecedents or referents and with mixed-gender antecedents or referents.
  • Like other masculine plural forms with feminine counterparts in (-n), הם is sometimes substituted for its feminine counterpart הן‎ (in which case it takes feminine adjectives and verbs), but this is not usually considered correct.
  • (those): אֵלֶּה(éileh, these-MASCULINE)
  • (are): הינם(hinám, here they-MASCULINE are, they-MASCULINE are, are-MASCULINE)
  • (those): אֵלֶּה(éileh, these-MASCULINE)
  • (are): אינם(einám, there they are-MASCULINE not, they-MASCULINE are not, are-MASCULINE not)
Related termsEdit
  • הוא(hu', he, it-MASCULINE, that-MASCULINE, am/is/are-MASCULINE-SINGULAR)
  • היא(hi', she, it-FEMININE, that-FEMININE, am/is/are-FEMININE-SINGULAR)
  • הן(hen, they-FEMININE, those-FEMININE, are-FEMININE)
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From English heme.


הם (him)

  1. (biology, medicine) Heme.

Further readingEdit