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See also: ہم

Contents

ArabicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /hum/
  • (file)

PronounEdit

هُمْ (humm pl (enclitic form ـهُم(-hum) or ـهِم(-him))

  1. they (masculine plural subject pronoun)
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

ـهُمْ or ـهِمْ (-hum or -himm pl (enclitic form of هُم(hum))

  1. them, their (masculine plural bound object pronoun)

Etymology 3Edit

From the root ه م م(h-m-m).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

هَمَّ (hamma) I, non-past يَهُمُّ‎‎ (yahummu)

  1. to disquiet, to make uneasy, to distress
  2. to grieve
  3. to preoccupy, to concern, to affect
  4. to be of interest
ConjugationEdit

Etymology 4Edit

From the root ه م م(h-m-m).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

هَمّ (hammm (plural هُمُوم(humūm))

  1. verbal noun of هَمَّ (hamma) (form I)
  2. anxiety, concern, worry, care
  3. sorrow, grief, affliction, distress
  4. weight, moment, importance
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 5Edit

From the root ه م م(h-m-m).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

هِمّ (himm) (feminine هِمَّة(himma), masculine plural أَهْمَام(ʾahmām), feminine plural هَمَائِم(hamāʾim) or هِمَّات(himmāt))

  1. decrepit, senile
DeclensionEdit
ReferencesEdit
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “هم”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

NounEdit

هِمّ (himmm (plural أَهْمَام(ʾahmām), feminine هِمَّة(himma))

  1. old man
DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Freytag, Georg (1837), “هم”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 4, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 406
  • Kazimirski, Albin de Biberstein (1860), “هم”, in Dictionnaire arabe-français contenant toutes les racines de la langue arabe, leurs dérivés, tant dans l’idiome vulgaire que dans l’idiome littéral, ainsi que les dialectes d’Alger et de Maroc (in French), volume 2, Paris: Maisonneuve et Cie, page 1442
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1884), “هم”, in The Student's Arabic–English Dictionary, London: W.H. Allen, page 1181
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “هم”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985), “هم”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 1355–1356

Egyptian ArabicEdit

PronounEdit

هم (hummpl

  1. they

SuffixEdit

ـهم (-humpl

  1. them, their

Hijazi ArabicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Arabic هُمْ(hum)

Pronunciation 1Edit

PronounEdit

هُمَّ (hummapl

  1. they

Pronunciation 2Edit

SuffixEdit

ـهُم (-humpl

  1. them, their

Etymology 2Edit

From Arabic هَمّ(hamm); from the root ه م م(h-m-m); "to be concerned" or "to worry".

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

هَمّ (hammm (plural هُمُوم‎ ‎(humūm) or أهْمَام‎ ‎(ʼahmām))

  1. worry

PersianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • ـم(-am) (colloquial)

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Persian hm (ham, also, same), from Old Persian 𐏃𐎶 (ham(a), same, together), from Proto-Iranian [Term?], from Proto-Indo-Iranian [Term?], from Proto-Indo-European *somHós (same) (compare English same).

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

هم (ham)

  1. also, too
    از این کتاب هم خوشم می‌آید.
    Az in ketâb ham xošam mi-âyad. (formal)
    از این کتاب هم خوشم می‌آد.
    Az in ketâb am xošam mi-âd. (colloquial)
    I like this book, also.
  2. similarly

Usage notesEdit

هم (ham) directly follows the word or phrase it modifies.

از این کتاب هم خوشم می‌آید.
Az in ketâb ham xošam mi-âyad.
I like this book, also. (In addition to another book that I like, I like this one.)
من هم از این کتاب خوشم می‌آید.
Man ham az in ketâb xošam mi-âyad.
I also like this book. (In addition to someone else who likes this book, I do.)

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit
  • Bashkir: һәм (häm, and).

ReferencesEdit

  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “ham”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 39

Tunisian ArabicEdit

SuffixEdit

ـهُمْ‎ (-humpl

  1. them, their