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PersianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Persian, from Old Persian 𐎭𐎠𐎼𐎹𐎫𐎡𐎹 (d-a-r-y-t-i-y /dārayatiy/, to hold, have), from Proto-Iranian *dar-,[1] from Proto-Indo-Iranian *dʰar- (to hold, carry; to bear, support), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰer- (to hold).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

Dari Persian داشتن
Iranian Persian داشتن
Tajiki Persian доштан (doštan)

داشتن (dâštan) (present stem دار (dâr))

  1. to have
    چهار تا بچه داریم.‎
    Čahâr tâ bačče dârim.
    We have four children.
  2. to hold
  3. to possess
  4. to own
  5. (auxiliary, colloquial) to be (doing something)
    دارم می‌روم.‎
    dâram mi-ravam.
    I am going.
    داشتی قدم می‌زدی.‎
    dâšti qadam mi-zadi.
    You were walking.

Usage notesEdit

Unlike most other verbs, the simple present imperfective form of داشتن does not use the durative prefix می.

ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007) Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN