- (stressed) IPA(key): /hæv/
- (unstressed) IPA(key): /həv/, /əv/, /ə/
- (have to): (UK, US) IPA(key): /hæf/, (UK) IPA(key): /hæv/
- (obsolete, stressed) IPA(key): /heɪv/
Audio (US) (file) Audio (UK) (file) Audio (AU) (file)
- Rhymes: -æv
From Middle English haven, from Old English hafian, habban (“to have”), from Proto-West Germanic *habbjan, from Proto-Germanic *habjaną (“to have”), durative of *habjaną (“to lift, take up”), from Proto-Indo-European *kh₂pyéti, present tense of *keh₂p- (“to take, seize, catch”). Cognate with Saterland Frisian hääbe (“to have”), West Frisian hawwe (“to have”), Dutch hebben (“to have”), Afrikaans hê (“to have”), Low German hebben, hewwen (“to have”), German haben (“to have”), Danish have (“to have”), Swedish hava (“to have”), Norwegian Nynorsk ha (“to have”), Icelandic hafa (“to have”), Albanian kap (“I grab, catch, grip”), Latin capiō (“take”, verb), Russian хапать (xapatʹ, “to seize”). More at heave.
Since there is no common Indo-European root for a transitive possessive verb have (notice that Latin habeō is not etymologically related to English have), Proto-Indo-European probably lacked the have structure. Instead, the third person forms of be were used, with the possessor in dative case, compare Latin mihi est / sunt, literally to me is / are.
- (transitive) To possess, own.
- I have a house and a car.
- (transitive) To hold, as something at someone's disposal.
- Look what I have here—a frog I found on the street!
- Do you have the key?(not necessarily one's own key)
- (transitive) To include as a part, ingredient, or feature.
- The stove has a handle. The shirt has sleeves.
- The words cow and dog have three letters.
- A government has three branches: the executive, legislative, and judicial.
- The movie has lots of action.
- (transitive) Used to state the existence or presence of someone in a specified relationship with the subject.
- I have two sisters.
- She doesn’t have any friends.
- I have a really mean boss.
- (transitive) To partake of (a particular substance, especially food or drink, or action or activity).
- I have breakfast at six o'clock.
- Can I have a look at that?
- I’m going to have a bath now.
- Let’s have a game of tiddlywinks.
- (transitive) To be scheduled to attend, undertake or participate in.
- What class do you have right now? I have English.
- Fred won’t be able to come to the party; he has a meeting that day.
- I have a lot of work to do.
- To experience, go through, undergo.
- We had a hard year last year, with the locust swarms and all that.
- He had surgery on his hip yesterday.
- I’m having the time of my life!
- To be afflicted with, suffer from.
- He had a cold last week.
- (auxiliary verb, taking a past participle) Used in forming the perfect aspect.
- I have already eaten today.
- I had already eaten.
- I will have left by the time you get here.
- Used as an interrogative verb before a pronoun to form a tag question, echoing a previous use of 'have' as an auxiliary verb or, in certain cases, main verb. (For further discussion, see the appendix English tag questions.)
- They haven’t eaten dinner yet, have they?
- Your wife hasn’t been reading that nonsense, has she?
- He has some money, hasn’t he?
- (auxiliary verb, taking a to-infinitive) See have to.
- I have to go.
- (transitive) To give birth to.
- The couple always wanted to have children.
- My wife is having the baby right now!
- My mother had me when she was 25.
- (usually passive) To obtain.
- The substance you describe can't be had at any price.
- (transitive) To engage in sexual intercourse with.
- He’s always bragging about how many women he’s had.
- (transitive) To accept as a romantic partner.
- Despite my protestations of love, she would not have me.
- (transitive with bare infinitive) To cause to, by a command, request or invitation.
- They had me feed their dog while they were out of town.
- 2002, Matt Cyr, Something to Teach Me: Journal of an American in the Mountains of Haiti, Educa Vision, Inc., →ISBN, 25:
- His English is still in its beginning stages, like my Creole, but he was able to translate some Creole songs that he's written into English—not the best English, but English nonetheless. He had me correct the translations. That kind of thing is very interesting to me. When I was learning Spanish, I would often take my favorite songs and try to translate them.
- (transitive with adjective or adjective-phrase complement) To cause to be.
- He had him arrested for trespassing.
- The lecture’s ending had the entire audience in tears.
- Jim has his eyes closed.
- (transitive with bare infinitive) To be affected by an occurrence. (Used in supplying a topic that is not a verb argument.)
- The hospital had several patients contract pneumonia last week.
- I’ve had three people today tell me my hair looks nice.
- (transitive with adjective or adjective-phrase complement) To depict as being.
- Their stories differed; he said he’d been at work when the incident occurred, but her statement had him at home that entire evening.
- 2011 May 3, “Corrections and clarifications”, in The Guardian:
- Anton Rogan, 8, was one of the runners-up in the Tick Tock Box short story competition, not Anton Rogers as we had it.
- (Britain, slang) To defeat in a fight; take.
- I could have him!
- (Britain, slang) To inflict punishment or retribution on.
- You broke the window! Teacher’ll have you for that!
- (dated outside Ireland) To be able to speak (a language).
- I have no German.
- To feel or be (especially painfully) aware of.
- Dan certainly has arms today, probably from scraping paint off four columns the day before.
- (informal, often passive) To trick, to deceive.
- I bought a laptop online but it never arrived. I think I've been had!
- You had me alright! I never would have thought that was just a joke.
- (transitive, in the negative, often in continuous tenses) To allow; to tolerate.
- The child screamed incessantly for his mother to buy him a toy, but she wasn't having any of it.
- I asked my dad if I could go to the concert this Thursday, but he wouldn't have it since it's a school night.
- 1922 October 26, Virginia Woolf, chapter II, in Jacob’s Room, Richmond, London: […] Leonard & Virginia Woolf at the Hogarth Press, OCLC 19736994; republished London: The Hogarth Press, 1960, OCLC 258624721, page 19:
- “ You're a very naughty boy. If I've told you once, I've told you a thousand times. I won't have you chasing the geese!”
- (transitive, often used in the negative) To believe, buy, be taken in by.
- I made up an excuse as to why I was out so late, but my wife wasn't having any of it.
- (transitive) To host someone; to take in as a guest.
- Thank you for having me!
- (transitive) To get a reading, measurement, or result from an instrument or calculation.
- What do you have for problem two?
- I have two contacts on my scope.
- (transitive, of a jury) To consider a court proceeding that has been completed; to begin deliberations on a case.
- We’ll schedule closing arguments for Thursday, and the jury will have the case by that afternoon.
- (transitive, birdwatching) To make an observation of (a bird species).
- 2005, Sean Dooley, The Big Twitch, Sydney: Allen and Unwin, page 57:
- For some reason, "I had a Freckled Duck today" never seems to work as a pick-up line.
In certain dialects, expressions, and literary use, the lexical have need not use do-support, meaning the sentence Do you have an idea? can also be Have you an idea? This makes have the only lexical verb in Modern English that can function without it, aside from some nonce examples with other verbs in set phrases, as in What say you?, and aside from the verb 'be' where this is considered lexical. The auxiliary have which forms the perfect tense never uses do-support, so Have you seen it? cannot be Do you have seen it?.
|present||I have||we have||I am having||we are having||I have had||we have had||I have been having||we have been having|
|you have||you have||you are having||you are having||you have had||you have had||you have been having||you have been having|
|he has||they have||he is having||they are having||he has had||they have had||he has been having||they have been having|
|past||I had||we had||I was having||we were having||I had had||we had had||I had been having||we had been having|
|you had||you had||you were having||you were having||you had had||you had had||you had been having||you had been having|
|he had||they had||he was having||they were having||he had had||they had had||he had been having||they had been having|
|future||I will have||we will have||I will be having||we will be having||I will have had||we will have had||I will have been having||we will have been having|
|you will have||you will have||you will be having||you will be having||you will have had||you will have had||you will have been having||you will have been having|
|he will have||they will have||he will be having||they will be having||he will have had||they will have had||he will have been having||they will have been having|
|conditional||I would have||we would have||I would be having||we would be having||I would have had||we would have had||I would have been having||we would have been having|
|you would have||you would have||you would be having||you would be having||you would have had||you would have had||you would have been having||you would have been having|
|he would have||they would have||he would be having||they would be having||he would have had||they would have had||he would have been having||they would have been having|
- (engage in sexual intercourse with): have one's way with, sleep with, take; see also Thesaurus:copulate with
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
have (plural haves)
- A wealthy or privileged person.
- 1981, Sepia:
- A good credit rating can mean the difference between being a have or a have not.
- 1999, Various, The Haves and Have Nots (Penguin, →ISBN)
- While these stories serve to make us conscious of the implications of being a “have” or a “have-not,” as with all good literature, they do much more than that. They provide a glimpse into lives that we might never encounter elsewhere.
- 1981, Sepia:
- (uncommon) One who has some (contextually specified) thing.
- 2010, Simon Collin, Dictionary of Wine (A&C Black, →ISBN):
- To find out whether you are a have or a have not, did you understand the malo and Brett sentence a few lines back? If no, this doesn't make any difference to me, as you are the proud possessor of something the 'haves' haven't got. You know exactly what you like and why you like it. The 'haves' pretend to like and understand everything, which by the way is impossible. They deliberate over choosing a bottle in the shop for hours, ...
- 2013, Kelda, Men Under a Microscope (Author House, →ISBN), page 57:
- Generally, I can assure you that a woman's posterior causes a stir, whether she's considered a have or a have not. But in most cases, men gravitate toward a pair of prominent gluteus muscles because they find this display appealing. This prominent protrusion can make a pair of jeans look like it was painted on, above just being good to look at. And by the way, it also incites some backshot (a Caribbean term for a well-known sex position) and spanking tendencies during sexual activity ...
- 2014, Derek Prince, Ultimate Security: Finding a Refuge in Difficult Times (Whitaker House, →ISBN):
- The question you must answer is, “Do you have Jesus?” In Jesus, you have eternal life. If you do not have Jesus—if you have not received Him—you do not have “the life.” Are you a “have,” or are you a “have not”? That is a vital decision every person must make—a critical issue you have to resolve for yourself.
- 2010, Simon Collin, Dictionary of Wine (A&C Black, →ISBN):
- ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “kap”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 169
- ^ Demiraj, Bardhyl (1997), “kap”, in Albanische Etymologien: Untersuchungen zum albanischen Erbwortschatz [Albanian Etymologies: Investigations into the Albanian Inherited Lexicon] (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 7) (in German), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi
- ^ Internal Reconstruction in Indo-European: Methods, Results, and Problems
From have on (“to deceive”).
have (plural haves)
- (Australia, New Zealand, informal) A fraud or deception; something misleading.
- They advertise it as a great deal, but I think it's a bit of a have.
- 2017 November 14, Joanna Davis, “Go with the flow in Abel Tasman National Park”, in stuff.co.nz:
- "Open your eyes" is the company's tagline and part of its mission is to wake us up to the area's history, to the fact that New Zealand's '100% pure' marketing is a bit of a have, as well as to share the encouraging conservation efforts under way.
- have at OneLook Dictionary Search
From Old Norse hafa (“to have, wear, carry”), from Proto-Germanic *habjaną (“to have, hold”), cognate with English have, German haben. The Germanic words are from Proto-Indo-European *kap- and are not related to Latin habeō.
See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.
have f (plural haven)
- (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈha.u̯e/, [ˈhäu̯ɛ]
- (Affectation) (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈa.u̯eː/, [ˈäu̯eː]
- (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈa.ve/, [ˈäːvɛ]
- See pronunciation note at the headword's page.
- Alternative spelling of
- Alternative form of
Audio (Jersey) (file)
have f (plural haves)