Arabic edit

Root
ر ف ع (r-f-ʕ)

Etymology edit

فَعِيل (faʕīl)-type stative-verb derived from the active participle from the verb رَفُعَ (rafuʕa, to be high; to become thin).

Adjective edit

رَفِيع (rafīʕ) (feminine رَفِيعَة (rafīʕa), masculine plural رَفِيعُونَ (rafīʕūna), feminine plural رَفِيعَات (rafīʕāt), elative أَرْفَع (ʔarfaʕ))

  1. (of the character, quality, or reception of a thing, such as a position, a rank, or a style) elevated; high; noble; sublime; fine
    Synonyms: عَال (ʕāl), سَام (sām), شَرِيف (šarīf), نَبِيل (nabīl)
    Antonyms: دَنِيء (danīʔ), مُنْحَطّ (munḥaṭṭ), حَقِير (ḥaqīr), سَافِل (sāfil)
    • a. 1000, المقدسي, edited by Michael Jan de Goeje, أحسن التقاسيم في معرفة الأقاليم [ʾaḥsan at-taqāsīm fī maʿrifa al-ʾaqālīm] (Bibliotheca Geographorum Arabicorum; 3)‎[1], Leiden: E. J. Brill, published 1877, 1906, web 1/136, pages 374 mu:
      وأما أرمينية فإنها كورة جليلة رسمها أرميني بن كنظر بن يافث بن نوح ومنها ترتفع الستور والزَلاليُّ الرفيعة كثيرة الخصائص قصبتها دَبِيل ومن مدنها: بَدْلِيس، خِلَاط، أَرْجِيش، بَرْكَرِي، خُوَيُّ، سَلَمَاس، أُرْمِيَة، دَاخَرَّقَان، مَرَاغَة، أَهْرُ، مَرَنْد، سِنْجَان، قالِيقَلَا، قندرية، قَلْعَة يُونُس، نورين.
      As for Armenia, she is a majestic expanse, originally sketched and contoured by ʾArmīnī, the son of Ashkenaz, himself a descendant of Japheth, one of the sons of Noah. In Armenia, curtains, draperies, and rugs multifarious and fine hang down, the rod being Dabīl. Among her localities are Badlīs [Baghesh], Ḵilāṭ [Xlat], ʾArjīš [Arjesh], [the small town of] Barkarī [east of Ḵilāṭ], Ḵuway [Xoy], Salamās [Salamas], ʾUrmiyah [Urmia], Dāḵarraqān, Marāḡah, ʾAhr, Marand, Sinjān, Qālīqalā, Qandariyyah, Qalʿat Yūnus, Nūrīn.
  2. (chiefly post-Classical, of the thickness of an object) thin; fine
    Synonyms: رَقِيق (raqīq), دَقِيق (daqīq), لَطِيف (laṭīf)
    Antonyms: سَمِيك (samīk), ثَخِين (ṯaḵīn)
    1. (of a person) slim; lean
      Synonyms: see Thesaurus:ar:underweight
      Antonyms: see Thesaurus:ar:overweight
  3. (post-Classical, of someone's voice or, less commonly, any sound) high-pitched; sharp
    Synonym: حَادّ (ḥādd)
  4. (obsolete, of someone's voice) raised; loud
    Synonyms: عَالٍ (ʕālin), جَهِير (jahīr)

Declension edit

References edit

South Levantine Arabic edit

Root
ر ف ع
2 terms

Etymology edit

From Arabic رَفِيع (rafīʕ).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /rfiːʕ/, [rfiːʕ]
  • (file)

Adjective edit

رفيع (rfīʕ) (feminine رفيعة (rfīʕa), common plural رفاع (rfāʕ), elative أرفع (ʔarfaʕ))

  1. thin, slender, slim (usually something round, but not flat)
    Antonym: (flat object) رقيق (rʔīʔ)
    Antonym: خميل (ḵmīl)
  2. high-pitched