See also: Slim, SLiM, slím, and šlím

English edit

Etymology edit

Borrowing from Low German or Dutch slim (bad, sly, clever), from Middle Dutch slim (bad, crooked), from Old Dutch *slimb, from Proto-West Germanic *slimb, from Proto-Germanic *slimbaz (oblique, crooked). The sense development would have been "slanting, cunning" (Dutch) > "insignificant, slight" and then "thin, graceful" in English, a shift that Liberman calls an "incredible amelioration" of word meaning.[1]

The pejorative sense found in Low German and Dutch is also found preserved in the archaic English noun slim (worthless or lazy person), also comparable to the South African use of the adjective as "crafty, sly."[2]

Compare Dutch slim (smart, clever, crafty), Middle High German slimp (slanting, awry), German schlimm (bad), West Frisian slim (bad, dire).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /slɪm/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪm

Adjective edit

slim (comparative slimmer, superlative slimmest)

  1. Slender, thin.
    1. (of a person or a person's build) Slender in an attractive way.
      Movie stars are usually slim, attractive, and young.
    2. (by extension, of clothing) Designed to make the wearer appear slim.
    3. (of an object) Long and narrow.
    4. (of a workforce) Of a reduced size, with the intent of being more efficient.
  2. (of something abstract like a chance or margin) Very small, tiny.
    I'm afraid your chances are quite slim.
    • 2011 January 15, Saj Chowdhury, “Man City 4 - 3 Wolves”, in BBC[1]:
      Wolves' debatable third in the last 10 minutes, with the ball only crossing the line by the slimmest of margins if at all, ensured a cracking finale, although City would have been left aggrieved had they let the win slip.
  3. (rustic, Northern England, Scotland) Bad, of questionable quality; not strongly built, flimsy.
    A slimly-shod lad;
    a slimly-made cart.
  4. (South Africa, obsolete in UK) Sly, crafty.

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

References edit

Noun edit

slim (plural slims)

  1. A type of cigarette substantially longer and thinner than normal cigarettes.
    I only smoke slims.
  2. (Ireland, regional) A potato farl.
  3. (East Africa, uncountable) AIDS, or the chronic wasting associated with its later stages.
    • 2003, Charled F. Gilks, “HIV in the Developing World”, in David A. Warrell et al., editors, Oxford Textbook of Medicine[2], 4th edition, volume 1, →ISBN, page 446:
      As in the West, only about 50 per cent of patients with slim fully investigated will have a putative pathogen identified.
  4. (slang, uncountable) Cocaine.

Alternative forms edit

Verb edit

slim (third-person singular simple present slims, present participle slimming, simple past and past participle slimmed)

  1. (intransitive) To lose weight in order to achieve slimness.
  2. (transitive) To make slimmer; to reduce in size.

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

References edit

  1. ^ Liberman, A. (2009). Word Origins...And How We Know Them: Etymology for Everyone. United Kingdom: Oxford University Press, USA, p. 200
  2. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, 1884–1928, and First Supplement, 1933.

Anagrams edit

Danish edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse slím (slime).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /sliːm/, [sliːˀm]

Noun edit

slim c or n (singular definite slimen or slimet, uncountable)

  1. slime
  2. mucus

Dutch edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Dutch slim, slem, slimp, slemp, from Old Dutch *slimb, from Proto-Germanic *slimbaz (oblique, crooked), compare German schlimm (bad), English slim. The semantic development in Dutch was “physically crooked” → “morally crooked” → “sly, artful” → “clever, intelligent”.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

slim (comparative slimmer, superlative slimst)

  1. intelligent, bright
  2. clever, smart
  3. (now dialectal, Eastern Dutch) wrong, incorrect, bad

Inflection edit

Declension of slim
uninflected slim
inflected slimme
comparative slimmer
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial slim slimmer het slimst
het slimste
indefinite m./f. sing. slimme slimmere slimste
n. sing. slim slimmer slimste
plural slimme slimmere slimste
definite slimme slimmere slimste
partitive slims slimmers

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Berbice Creole Dutch: slem
  • Negerhollands: slim, slem
  • Skepi Creole Dutch: slam
  • Papiamentu: slim (dated)

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse slím.

Noun edit

slim n (definite singular slimet, uncountable)

  1. mucus, phlegm
  2. slime

Derived terms edit

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse slím.

Noun edit

slim n (definite singular slimet, uncountable)

  1. mucus, phlegm
  2. slime

Derived terms edit

References edit

Old English edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Germanic *slīmą, from Proto-Indo-European *sley- (smooth; slick; sticky; slimy)

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

slīm ?

  1. slime

Descendants edit

Romanian edit

Noun edit

slim n (plural slimuri)

  1. Alternative form of slin

Declension edit

West Frisian edit

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

slim

  1. bad
  2. dire
  3. difficult

Inflection edit

Inflection of slim
uninflected slim
inflected slimme
comparative slimmer
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial slim slimmer it slimst
it slimste
indefinite c. sing. slimme slimmere slimste
n. sing. slim slimmer slimste
plural slimme slimmere slimste
definite slimme slimmere slimste
partitive slims slimmers

Further reading edit

  • slim (II)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011