See also: زوم

ArabicEdit

 
Arabic Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ar

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek Ῥωμαῖοι (Rhōmaîoi, Romans), self-designation of the Byzantines.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

رُوم (rūmm (collective, singulative رُومِيّ‎ m (rūmiyy), plural أَرْوَام(ʾarwām))

  1. Byzantines
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 30:2-3:
      غُلِبَتِ الرُّومُ فِي أَدْنَى الْأَرْضِ وَهُمْ مِنْ بَعْدِ غَلَبِهِم سَيَغْلِبُونَ
      ḡulibati r-rūmu fī ʾadnā l-ʾarḍi wahum min baʿdi ḡalabihim sayaḡlibūna
      the Byzantines have been defeated in the land closest [to us], but after their defeat they will conquer
  2. Greek Orthodox Christians

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “روم”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Ottoman TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic رُوم(rūm), from Latin Roma.

Proper nounEdit

روم (Rum)

  1. Roman
  2. A name inconsistently applied to various areas that formerly belonged to the Roman Empire.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Laz: ურუმი (urumi)
  • Turkish: Rum

ReferencesEdit


PersianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Persian 𐭧𐭫𐭥𐭬(Hrōm).

Proper nounEdit

روم (rum)

  1. Ancient Rome
  2. Byzantine Empire
  3. (archaic) Asia Minor, Anatolia

AntonymsEdit

  • زنگ(zang, literally Abyssinia) (literature)

Related termsEdit