See also: زوم

ArabicEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek Ῥωμαῖοι (Rhōmaîoi, Romans), self-designation of the Byzantines. Compare Middle Persian 𐭧𐭫𐭥𐭬𐭠𐭣𐭩𐭪‎(Hrōmāy-īg)

NounEdit

رُوم (rūmm pl (collective, singulative رُومِيّ(rūmiyy))

  1. Byzantines
    • The Quran, 30:2-3 :
      غُلِبَتِ الرُّومُ فِي أَدْنَى الْأَرْضِ وَهُمْ مِنْ بَعْدِ غَلَبِهِم سَيَغْلِبُونَ
      ḡulibati r-rūmu fī ʾadnā l-ʾarḍi wahum min baʿdi ḡalabihim sayaḡlibūna
      the Byzantines have been defeated in the land closest [to us], but after their defeat they will conquer
  2. (plural) followers of the Greek Orthodox Church

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “روم”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

PersianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Persian 𐭧𐭫𐭥𐭬(Hrōm).

Proper nounEdit

روم (rum)

  1. Ancient Rome
  2. Byzantine Empire
  3. (archaic) Asia Minor, Anatolia

AntonymsEdit

  • زنگ(zang, literally Abyssinia) (literature)

Related termsEdit