PersianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Persian [script needed] (swst' /sust/, slack, lazy), Manichaean Middle Persian 𐫘𐫇𐫘𐫤‎(sust, soft, slack, lax). Cognate with Northern Kurdish sist (weak, powerless, limp; loose, slipshod, slack), Talysh сыс (sıs, weak), Sanglechi sust (lazy), Khwarezmian [script needed] (swst, low, contemptible). Perhaps ultimately from Proto-Iranian *θrusta- (pressed forth), from Proto-Indo-European *trewd- (to push, thrust), whence Old English þrēotan (to weary).

Compare Old Armenian շուշտ (šušt), possibly an Iranian borrowing.

AdjectiveEdit

سست (sost) (comparative سست‌تر‎, superlative سست‌ترین‎)

  1. (dated, literary) feeble, weak
  2. (dated, literary) soft (giving way under pressure)
  3. (dated, literary) lazy, idle
  4. (obsolete) slow
  5. (literary) relaxed, negligent, phlegmatic

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Azerbaijani: süst
  • Armenian: սուստ (sust)
  • Georgian: სუსტი (susṭi)
  • → Hindustani:
  • Middle Armenian: սուստկալ (sustkal)
  • Ottoman Turkish: سست(süst)

Further readingEdit

  • Bailey, H. W. (1979) Dictionary of Khotan Saka, Cambridge, London, New York, Melbourne: Cambridge University press, page 467
  • Cabolov, R. L. (2010) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ kurdskovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Kurdish Language] (in Russian), volume II, Moscow: Russian Academy Press Vostochnaya Literatura, page 267
  • Morgenstierne, Georg (1938) Iranian Pamir Languages (Yidgha-Munji, Sanglechi-Ishkashmi and Wakhi) (Indo-Iranian Frontier Languages), volume II, Oslo: H. Aschehoug & Co., page 412a
  • Nalbandyan, G. M. (1987) , “سست”, in Parskeren-hayeren baṙaran [Persian–Armenian Dictionary], Yerevan: Luys, page 347a
  • Palatecʿi, Gēorg Dpir (1829) , “սիւսթ”, in Baṙaran Parskerēn əst kargi haykakan aybubenicʿ [Persian Dictionary in the Order of the Armenian Alphabet] (in Armenian), Constantinople: Boghos Arabian Press, page 507b
  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971) A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 78
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1892) , “سست”, in A Comprehensive Persian–English dictionary, London: Routledge & K. Paul, page 681