From Middle English weik, waik, from Old Norse veikr (“weak”), from Proto-Germanic *waikwaz (“weak, yielded, pliant, bendsome”), from Proto-Indo-European *weyk- (“to bend, wind”). Cognate with Old English wāc (“weak, bendsome”), wīcan (“to yield”), Saterland Frisian wook (“soft, gentle, tender”) West Frisian weak (“soft”), Dutch week (“soft, weak”), German weich (“weak, soft”), Swedish vek (“weak, pliant”), Icelandic veikur (“bendsome, weak”).
weak (comparative weaker, superlative weakest)
- Lacking in force (usually strength) or ability.
- The child was too weak to move the boulder.
- They easily guessed his weak computer password.
- a poor, infirm, weak, and despised old man
- weak with hunger, mad with love
- Unable to sustain a great weight, pressure, or strain.
- a weak timber; a weak rope
- Unable to withstand temptation, urgency, persuasion, etc.; easily impressed, moved, or overcome; accessible; vulnerable.
- weak resolutions; weak virtue
- Joseph Addison, The Fair Petinent Act I, scene I:
- Guard thy heart / On this weak side, where most our nature fails.
- Dilute, lacking in taste or potency.
1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 2, The Mirror and the Lamp:
- That the young Mr. Churchills liked—but they did not like him coming round of an evening and drinking weak whisky-and-water while he held forth on railway debentures and corporation loans. Mr. Barrett, however, by fawning and flattery, seemed to be able to make not only Mrs. Churchill but everyone else do what he desired.
- We were served stale bread and weak tea.
- (grammar) Displaying a particular kind of inflection, including:
- (Germanic languages, of verbs) Regular in inflection, lacking vowel changes and having a past tense with -d- or -t-.
- (Germanic languages, of nouns) Showing less distinct grammatical endings.
- (Germanic languages, of adjectives) Definite in meaning, often used with a definite article or similar word.
- (chemistry) That does not ionize completely into anions and cations in a solution.
- a weak acid; a weak base
- (physics) One of the four fundamental forces associated with nuclear decay.
- (slang) Bad or uncool.
- This place is weak.
- (mathematics, logic) Having a narrow range of logical consequences; narrowly applicable. (Often contrasted with a strong statement which implies it.)
- Resulting from, or indicating, lack of judgment, discernment, or firmness; unwise; hence, foolish.
- If evil thence ensue, / She first his weak indulgence will accuse.
- Not having power to convince; not supported by force of reason or truth; unsustained.
- The prosecution advanced a weak case.
- convinced of his weak arguing
- Lacking in vigour or expression.
- a weak sentence; a weak style
- Not prevalent or effective, or not felt to be prevalent; not potent; feeble.
- (stock exchange) Tending towards lower prices.
- a weak market; wheat is weak at present
- (photography) Lacking contrast.
- a weak negative
lacking in force or ability
- Afrikaans: swak
- Albanian: i dobët
- Amharic: ደካማ (däkama), ለዋሳ (läwasa)
- Arabic: ضَعِيف (ḍaʿīf)
- Moroccan Arabic: عيّان m (ʕəyyæn)
- Armenian: թույլ (hy) (tʿuyl), տկար (tkar)
- Aromanian: slab
- Asturian: débil
- Azeri: zəif (az), gücsüz
- Bashkir: көсһөҙ (köshöð)
- Belarusian: сла́бы (sláby)
- Bengali: দুর্বল (durbôl)
- Breton: gwan (br)
- Bulgarian: слаб (bg) (slab)
- Burmese: အားနည်းသော (a:nany:sau:)
- Catalan: feble (ca), dèbil
- Chechen: гӏийла (ġīla), мела (miela)
- Mandarin: 弱 (zh) (ruò), 微弱 (zh) (wēiruò), 軟弱 (zh), 软弱 (zh) (ruǎnruò)
- Corsican: debuli
- Crimean Tatar: quvetsiz, zayıf
- Czech: slabý (cs) m
- Dalmatian: débol
- Danish: svag
- Dutch: zwak (nl), slap (nl)
- Estonian: nõrk
- Faroese: veikur (fo)
- Finnish: heikko (fi)
- French: faible (fr)
- Friulian: debul
- Galician: débil, feble, fraco, frouxo
- Georgian: სუსტი (susṭi), უძლური (uʒluri), უღონო (uɣono)
- German: schwach (de)
- Greek: αδύναμος (el) (adýnamos)
- Hebrew: חַלָּשׁ (he) (khalásh)
- Hindi: दुर्बल (durbal), निर्बल (nirbal), कमज़ोर (kamazor), अशक्त (aśakt)
- Hungarian: gyenge (hu), gyönge (hu)
- Icelandic: veikur (is)
- Ido: febla (io), debila (io)
- Indonesian: lemah (id)
- Irish: lag
- Italian: debole (it)
- Japanese: 弱い (ja) (よわい, yowai)
- Norman: faibl'ye m, f
- Kazakh: әлсіз (kk) (älsiz), күшсіз (küşsiz)
- Khmer: ខ្សោយ (km) (ksaoy)
- Korean: 약하다 (ko) (yakhada)
- Kyrgyz: күчсүз (küçsüz), алсыз (ky) (alsız)
- Lao: ຍໍ່ແຍ່ (nyǭ nyǣ), ບໍ່ແຂງແຮງ (bǭ khǣng hǣng)
- Latgalian: sluobs
- Latin: īnfirmus, imbēcillus
- Latvian: vārgs, vājš
- Lithuanian: silpnas (lt) m, silpna f
- Macedonian: слаб (slab)
- Malay: lemah
- Maltese: dgħajjef m
- Maori: tahō
- Mongolian: сул дорой (sul doroj), муу (mn) (muu)
- Bokmål: svak (no)
- Old Church Slavonic:
- Cyrillic: слабъ (slabŭ)
- Glagolitic: ⱄⰾⰰⰱⱏ (slabŭ)
- Persian: ضعیف (fa) (za'if), نزار (fa) (nezâr)
- Polish: słaby (pl) m
- Portuguese: fraco (pt), débil (pt), frouxo (pt)
- Romanian: slab (ro), debil (ro), lânced (ro)
- Romansch: debel, flaivel, fleivel, flevel
- Russian: сла́бый (ru) (slábyj)
- Sanskrit: निर्बल (nirbala), दुर्बल (durbala), अशक्त (aśakta)
- Santali: ᱚᱵᱳᱞ (abol)
- Sardinian: débbile, débbili, díbbile
- Scottish Gaelic: lag
- Cyrillic: слаб
- Roman: slab (sh)
- Sicilian: dèbbuli, dèbuli, dèbbili, dèbili
- Slovak: slabý
- Slovene: šíbek, slàb (archaic)
- Spanish: débil (es), feble, flaco (es), flojo (es)
- Swedish: svag (sv)
- Tajik: заиф (zayif), низор (nizor)
- Tatar: көчсез (köçsez)
- Thai: อ่อนแอ (th) (òn ae)
- Tibetan: སྐྱོ་པོ (skyo po)
- Tok Pisin: hanggre
- Turkish: zayıf (tr), güçsüz (tr)
- Turkmen: asgyn (tk), gowşak, gujursyz, ejiz
- Ukrainian: слабки́й (slabkýj), сла́бий (slábyj)
- Urdu: دربل (durbal), کمزور (kamzor), اشکت (aśakt)
- Uyghur: ئاجىز (ajiz), كۈچسىز (küchsiz)
- Uzbek: kuchsiz (uz), zaif (uz)
- Venetian: debol, debole, debolo, debełe
- Vietnamese: yếu (vi)
- Walloon: flåwe (wa) m, f, fwebe (wa) m, f
- Welsh: gwan (cy)
- Yiddish: שוואַך (shvakh)
dilute, lacking in taste or potency
grammar: regular in inflection
physics: one of the four fundamental forces associated with nuclear decay
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