See also: lažy and лазы

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Attested since 1540, origin uncertain. Probably from Low German and Middle Low German lasich (slack, feeble, lazy),[1][2] from las, from Proto-Germanic *lasiwaz, *laskaz (feeble, weak), from Proto-Indo-European *las- (weak).

Akin to Dutch leuzig (lazy), Old Norse lasinn (limpy, tired, weak), Old English lesu, lysu (false, evil, base). More at lush.

An alternate etymology traces lazy to Early Modern English laysy, a derivative of lay (plural lays +‎ -y) in the same way that tipsy is derived from tip. See lay.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈleɪzi/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪzi

AdjectiveEdit

lazy (comparative lazier, superlative laziest)

  1. Unwilling to do work or make an effort; disinclined to exertion.
    Get out of bed, you lazy lout!
  2. Causing or characterised by idleness; relaxed or leisurely.
    I love staying inside and reading on a lazy Sunday.
  3. Showing a lack of effort or care.
    lazy writing
  4. Sluggish; slow-moving.
    We strolled along beside a lazy stream.
  5. Lax:
    1. Droopy.
      a lazy-eared rabbit
    2. (optometry) Of an eye, squinting because of a weakness of the eye muscles.
  6. (of a cattle brand) Turned so that (the letter) is horizontal instead of vertical.
    Coordinate term: flying
    • 2010, The Trail Drivers of Texas
      There was probably more cattle bearing the Lazy S brand marketed than those of any other ranch in the world.
    • 2002, American Cowboy (volume 9, number 3, page 60)
      The Zuliagas branded a Lazy B. In order to distinguish his cows from theirs for the drive back to Arizona, Mr. Day added a britchen brand across their butts, under their tails.
  7. (computing theory) Employing lazy evaluation; not calculating results until they are immediately required.
    a lazy algorithm
  8. (UK, obsolete or dialect) Wicked; vicious.
    • 1641, Ben Jonson, The Sad Shepherd
      The swilland dropsy enter in
      The lazy cuke , and swell his skin

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

CollocationsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

lazy (third-person singular simple present lazies, present participle lazying, simple past and past participle lazied)

  1. (informal) To laze, act in a lazy manner.

NounEdit

lazy (plural lazies)

  1. A lazy person.
    • 1874, David Livingstone, The Last Journals of David Livingstone in Central Africa, from 1865 to his death, London: John Murray, Volume I, Chapter 7, p. 159,[3]
      The “lazies” of the party seized the opportunity of remaining behind—wandering, as they said, though all the cross paths were marked.
    • 1898, Jason E. Hammond, “Work and Reward” in Suggestive Programs for Special Day Exercises, Lansing, Michigan: Department of Public Instruction for District Schools, p. ,[4]
      The dudes and noodles, cads and snobs, had better move away,
      This busy land can’t spare the room for lazies, such as they,
      To foreign climate let them go and there forever stay.
      Ours is a land for busy workers.
    • 2016, Marta Bausells and Eleni Stefanou, “Meet the Greek writers revolutionising poetry in the age of austerity,” The Guardian, 11 May, 2016,[5]
      Which myth of the Greek crisis would you like to debunk? — That the Greeks are a nation of lazies on a permanent vacation; that austerity measures, as they were implemented, were proportionally distributed or worth the sacrifice.
  2. (obsolete) Sloth (animal).
    • 1716, Thomas Browne, Christian Morals, 2nd edition edited by Samuel Johnson, London: J. Payne, 1756, pp. 49-50,[6]
      To strenuous minds there is an inquietude in overquietness, and no laboriousness in labour; and to tread a mile after the slow pace of a snail, or the heavy measures of the lazy of Brazilia, were a most tiring pennance, and worse than a race of some furlongs at the Olympicks.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ lazy”, in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.
  2. ^ lazy”, in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary

AnagramsEdit