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ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Classical Syriac ܩܰܢܛܺܝܪܳܐ(qanṭīrā), ܩܰܢܛܺܝܢܳܪܳܐ(qanṭīnārā), from Byzantine Greek κεντηνάριον (kentēnárion), from Latin centēnārium (hundredweight).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

قِنْطَار (qinṭārm (plural قَنَاطِير(qanāṭīr))

  1. hundredweight, quintal, kantar (a weight measure, usually the largest and dividing to 100 رَطْل(raṭl))
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 3:75:
      وَمِنْ أَهْلِ ٱلْكِتَابِ مَنْ إِنْ تَأْمَنْهُ بِقِنْطَارٍ يُؤَدِّهِ إِلَيْكَ وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ إِنْ تَأْمَنْهُ بِدِينَارٍ لَا يُؤَدِّهِ إِلَيْكَ إِلَّا مَا دُمْتَ عَلَيْهِ قَائِمًا
      wamin ʾahli l-kitābi man ʾin taʾmanhu biqinṭārin yuʾaddihi ʾilayka waminhum man ʾin taʾmanhu bidīnārin lā yuʾaddihi ʾilayka ʾillā mā dumta ʿalayhi qāʾiman
      And among the People of the Scripture is he who, if you entrust him with a qinṭār, he will return it to you. And among them is he who, if you entrust him with a dīnār, he will not return it to you unless you persist confronting him.
    1. (obsolete, Syria until 1931) ‎ 6000 ‎وُقِيّة(wuqiyya)‎ – 256.4 kg
    2. (obsolete, Saudi-Arabia until 1964) 150 رَطْل(raṭl) – 67.5 kg
    3. (obsolete, Egypt/Sudan until 1891) ‎ 36 ‎أُقَّة(ʾuqqa)‎ – ‎4003وِقِيّة(wiqiyya)‎ – 230400 ‎قِيرَاط(qīrāṭ)‎ – 44.93 kg
    4. (obsolete, Libya until 1927) ‎ 40 ‎أُقَّة(ʾuqqa)‎ – 51.28 kg
    5. (obsolete, Tunisia until 1895) ‎ 2000 ‎وُقِيّة(wuqiyya)‎ – 53.9 kg
    6. (obsolete, Algeria until 1843) ‎ 2400 ‎وُقِيّة(wuqiyya)‎ – 81.912 kg
    7. (obsolete, Morocco until 1923) ‎ – 50.75 kg
  2. (figuratively) wealth, great possessions
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 3:14:
      زُيِّنَ لِلنَّاسِ حُبُّ ٱلشَّهَوَاتِ مِنَ ٱلنِّسَاءِ وَالْبَنِينَ وَٱلْقَنَاطِيرِ ٱلْمُقَنْطَرَةِ مِنَ ٱلذَّهَبِ وَٱلْفِضَّةِ وَٱلْخَيْلِ ٱلْمُسَوَّمَةِ وَٱلْأَنْعَامِ وَٱلْحَرْثِ ذٰلِكَ مَتَاعُ ٱلْحَيَاةِ ٱلدُّنْيَا وَٱللّٰهُ عِنْدَهُ حُسْنُ ٱلْمَآبِ
      zuyyina li-n-nāsi ḥubbu š-šahawāti mina n-nisāʾi wālbanīna wal-qanāṭīri l-muqanṭarati mina ḏ-ḏahabi wal-fiḍḍati wal-ḵayli l-musawwamati wal-ʾanʿāmi wal-ḥarṯi ḏālika matāʿu l-ḥayāti d-dunyā wal-lāhu ʿindahu ḥusnu l-maʾābi
      Beautified for men is the love of things they covet, women, children, heaped-up wealth of gold and silver, branded beautiful horses, cattle and cropland. This is the pleasure of the present world’s life, but Allah has the finest return with Him.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Cardarelli, François (2003) Encyclopaedia of Scientific Units, Weights and Measures. Their SI Equivalences and Origins, London: Springer, →ISBN
  • Fraenkel, Siegmund (1886) Die aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen (in de), Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 203

Ottoman TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Arabic قِنْطَار(qinṭār), from Byzantine Greek κεντηνάριον (kentēnárion), from Latin centēnārium (hundredweight).

NounEdit

قنطار (kantar)

  1. kantar
  2. steelyard
  3. hundredweight, quintal

PersianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Arabic قِنْطَار(qinṭār), from Byzantine Greek κεντηνάριον (kentēnárion), from Latin centēnārium (hundredweight).

NounEdit

قنطار (qentâr) (plural قناطیر‎)

  1. kantar
  2. hundredweight, quintal