See also: کبد


Etymology 1Edit

From the root ك ب د(k-b-d).



كَبَّدَ (kabbada) II, non-past يُكَبِّدُ‎‎ (yukabbidu)

  1. to charge with, to incur
    • 2017 December 23, “ما الدول العشر ذات الديون الأقل في العالم؟!‎”, in The Baghdad Post[1]:
      ويعتبر تدني مستوى الدين العام في أي دولة من المؤشرات المهمة على جودة الوضع الاقتصادي، حيث إن الدين العام يُكبِّد الخزينة مبالغ مالية لخدمة الدين، كما أنه يُقاس عادة بالنسبة إلى الناتج المحلي الإجمالي للدولة.‎‎
      The lowering of the level of public debt is considered an important indicator of the quality of the economic situation in any state, as the public debt incurs the treasury to service debt, and it is usually measured in relation to the Gross Domestic Product of the state.
  2. to place a weight or burden on

Etymology 2Edit

From the root ك ب د(k-b-d) meaning "to be heavy or carry much weight", "to be important or vital", ultimately of Proto-Semitic *kab(i)d- (liver, guts, entrails), with many world cultures reckoning the liver as the most essential internal organ for its bulk, central location, and the amount of blood vessels connected to it. Cognates with Hebrew כָּבֵד(kāḇēḏ), Ugaritic 𐎋𐎁𐎄 (kbd), and Akkadian 𒅗𒁁𒌅 (/kabattu/, insides, liver, internal thoughts or emotions).



كَبِد or كِبْد (kabid or kibdm

  1. liver (organ)