See also: Charge, chargé, and Chargé

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Middle English chargen, from Old French chargier, from Medieval Latin carricō (to load), from Latin carrus (a car, wagon); see car. Doublet of cargo.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

charge (countable and uncountable, plural charges)

  1. The amount of money levied for a service.
    There will be a charge of five dollars.
  2. (military) A ground attack against a prepared enemy.
    Pickett did not die leading his famous charge.
  3. A forceful forward movement.
    • 2011 March 2, Chris Whyatt, “Arsenal 5 - 0 Leyton Orient”, in BBC[1]:
      Abou Diaby should have added Arsenal's fourth in the 50th minute after he danced round a host of defenders on a charge towards goal
  4. An accusation.
    Synonym: count
    1. An official description (by the police or a court) of a crime that somebody may be guilty of
    2. An accusation by a person or organization.
      That's a slanderous charge of abuse of trust.
  5. (physics and chemistry) An electric charge.
  6. The scope of someone's responsibility.
    The child was in the nanny's charge.
    • 1848 April 24, John K. Kane, opinion, United States v. Hutchison, as reported in The Pennsylvania law Journal, June 1848 edition, as reprinted in, 1848,The Pennsylvania Law Journal volume 7, page 366 [2]:
      He had the key of a closet in which the moneys of this fund were kept, but the outer key of the vault, of which the closet formed part, was in the charge of another person.
  7. Someone or something entrusted to one's care, such as a child to a babysitter or a student to a teacher.
    The child was a charge of the nanny.
  8. A load or burden; cargo.
    The ship had a charge of colonists and their belongings.
  9. An instruction.
    I gave him the charge to get the deal closed by the end of the month.
  10. (basketball) An offensive foul in which the player with the ball moves into a stationary defender.
  11. (firearms) A measured amount of powder and/or shot in a cartridge.
  12. (by extension) A measured amount of explosive.
    • 1953, Samuel Beckett, Watt
      Watt might have broken the door down, with an axe, or a crow, or a small charge of explosive, but this might have aroused Erskine's suspicions, and Watt did not want that.
  13. (heraldry) An image displayed on an escutcheon.
  14. (weaponry) A position (of a weapon) fitted for attack.
    to bring a weapon to the charge
  15. (farriery) A sort of plaster or ointment.
  16. (obsolete) Weight; import; value.
  17. (historical or obsolete) A measure of thirty-six pigs of lead, each pig weighing about seventy pounds; a charre.
  18. (ecclesiastical) An address given at a church service concluding a visitation.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

charge (third-person singular simple present charges, present participle charging, simple past and past participle charged)

  1. to assign a duty or responsibility to
  2. (transitive) to assign (a debit) to an account
    Let's charge this to marketing.
  3. (transitive) to pay on account, as by using a credit card
    Can I charge my purchase to my credit card?
    Can I charge this purchase?
  4. (transitive, intransitive) to require payment (of) (a price or fee, for goods, services, etc.)
    to charge high for goods
    I won't charge you for the wheat
    • 2013 July 19, Peter Wilby, “Finland spreads word on schools”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 6, page 30:
      Imagine a country where children do nothing but play until they start compulsory schooling at age seven. Then, without exception, they attend comprehensives until the age of 16. Charging school fees is illegal, and so is sorting pupils into ability groups by streaming or setting.
  5. (possibly archaic) to sell at a given price.
    to charge coal at $5 per unit
  6. (law) to formally accuse (a person) of a crime.
    I'm charging you with assault and battery.
  7. to impute or ascribe
  8. to call to account; to challenge
  9. (transitive) to place a burden, load or responsibility on or in
    • 1693, [John Locke], “§64”, in Some Thoughts Concerning Education, London: [] A[wnsham] and J[ohn] Churchill, [], OCLC 1161614482:
      the charging of children's memories [] with rules
    • 1800, James Hogg, The Mysterious Bride
      [H]er grandfather [] charged her as she valued her life never to mention that again []
    • 1911, The Encyclopedia Britannica, entry on Moya:
      [A] huge torrent of boiling black mud, charged with blocks of rock and moving with enormous rapidity, rolled like an avalanche down the gorge.
    1. to ornament with or cause to bear
      to charge an architectural member with a moulding
    2. (heraldry) to assume as a bearing
      He charges three roses.
    3. (heraldry) to add to or represent on
      He charges his shield with three roses or.
  10. (transitive) to load equipment with material required for its use, as a firearm with powder, a fire hose with water, a chemical reactor with raw materials
    Charge your weapons; we're moving up.
    1. (transitive) to cause to take on an electric charge
      Rubbing amber with wool will charge it quickly.
    2. (transitive) to replenish energy to (a battery, or a device containing a battery) by use of an electrical device plugged into a power outlet.
      He charged the battery overnight.
      Don't forget to charge the drill.
      I charge my phone every night.
    3. (intransitive, of a battery or a device containing a battery) To replenish energy.
      The battery is still charging: I can't use it yet.
      His cell phone charges very quickly, whereas mine takes forever.
  11. (intransitive) to move forward quickly and forcefully, particularly in combat and/or on horseback
    1. (military, transitive and intransitive) to attack by moving forward quickly in a group
      The impetuous corps charged the enemy lines.
    2. (basketball) to commit a charging foul
    3. (cricket, of a batsman) to take a few steps down the pitch towards the bowler as he delivers the ball, either to disrupt the length of the delivery, or to get into a better position to hit the ball
  12. (transitive, of a hunting dog) to lie on the belly and be still (A command given by a hunter to a dog)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Middle French charge.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈʃɑr.ʒə/
  • Hyphenation: char‧ge

NounEdit

charge f (plural charges)

  1. A charge (fast ground attack).

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Afrikaans: sarsie

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French charge, from Old French charge, carge, equivalent to a deverbal from charger.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

charge f (plural charges)

  1. load, burden
    charge pesanteheavy load
  2. cargo, freight
    La charge de ce bateau est de cinquante tonneaux.The freight of this boat is fifty tons.
  3. responsibility, charge
    J'ai la charge de vous dire que...I have the responsibility to tell you that...
  4. (law) charge
    Ce fait constitue une charge très grave contre le prévenu.This fact constitutes a very serious charge against the accused.
  5. (military) charge
    une charge massive contre les positions allemandesa massive charge against the German positions
  6. caricature, comic exaggeration
  7. (physics) charge
  8. (heraldry) charge
  9. (in the plural) costs, expenses

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

VerbEdit

charge

  1. first-person singular present indicative of charger
  2. third-person singular present indicative of charger
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of charger
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of charger
  5. second-person singular imperative of charger

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

VerbEdit

charge

  1. first-person singular present indicative of chargen
    • 1470–1483 (date produced), Thomas Malory, “[Morte Arthur]”, in Le Morte Darthur (British Library Additional Manuscript 59678), [England: s.n.], folio 449, verso, lines 15–18:
      Than ſpake ẜ Gawayne And ſeyde brothir · ẜ Aggravayne I pray you and charge you meve no ſuch · maters no more a fore me fro wyte you well I woll nat be of youre counceyle //
      Then spoke Sir Gawain, and said, “Brother, Sir Agrivain, I pray you and charge you move not such matters any more before me, for be ye assured I will not be of your counsel.”

PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French charge.

NounEdit

charge f (plural charges)

  1. cartoon (satire of public figures)
    Synonym: cartum

Further readingEdit