abdominal

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

First attested in 1746. From New Latin abdōminālis, from Latin abdōmen[1]. Equivalent to abdomen +‎ -al. Compare French abdominal.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /æbˈdɒm.ə.nl̩/, /əbˈdɒm.ə.nl̩/
  • (US) IPA(key): /æbˈdɑm.ə.nl̩/, /əbˈdɑm.ə.nl̩/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ab‧dom‧i‧nal

AdjectiveEdit

abdominal (comparative more abdominal, superlative most abdominal)

  1. Of or pertaining to the abdomen; ventral. [Mid 18th century.][2]
    abdominal muscles
    abdominal cavity
  2. (ichthyology) Having the ventral fins under the abdomen and behind the pectoral fins. [Mid 19th century.][2]
  3. (ichthyology) Ventral, in describing a fin. [Late 19th century.][2]
  4. (zoology, obsolete) Belonging to the order Abdominales of fish.

SynonymsEdit

  • (of or pertaining to the abdomen): ventral

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

abdominal (plural abdominals)

  1. (zoology, obsolete) A fish of the order Abdominales.
  2. (colloquial, usually plural only) An abdominal muscle. [Mid 20th century.][2]

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Elliott K. Dobbie, C. William Dunmore, Robert K. Barnhart, et al. (editors), Chambers Dictionary of Etymology (Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 2004 [1998], →ISBN), page 2
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors (2002), “abdominal”, in The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 3.

CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From New Latin abdōminālis.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

abdominal (masculine and feminine plural abdominals)

  1. abdominal

Related termsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From New Latin abdōminālis.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

abdominal (feminine singular abdominale, masculine plural abdominaux, feminine plural abdominales)

  1. abdominal; of the abdomen.

Further readingEdit


GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From New Latin abdōminālis.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

abdominal (not comparable)

  1. abdominal

DeclensionEdit


InterlinguaEdit

AdjectiveEdit

abdominal (not comparable)

  1. abdominal

Related termsEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

From New Latin abdōminālis (abdominal), from Latin abdōmen (belly, abdomen; gluttony) (with the suffix -ālis (forms adjectives), from Proto-Indo-European *-li-, possibly from *h₂el- (to grow, nourish)), possibly from both abdō (I hide, conceal), from ab- (from, away, off), from ab (from, away from, on, in), from Proto-Italic *ab, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (off, away) (+ the ending *dō (put), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeh₁- (to do, put, place)) + and from -men (forms neuter nouns), from Proto-Italic *-men, from Proto-Indo-European *-mn̥ (creates action nouns or result nouns).

Equivalent to abdomen +‎ -al, first part from Latin abdōmen (belly, abdomen; gluttony), possibly from both abdō (I hide, conceal), from ab- (from, away, off), from ab (from, away from, on, in), from Proto-Italic *ab, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (off, away) (+ the ending *dō (put), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeh₁- (to do, put, place)) + and from -men (forms neuter nouns), from Proto-Italic *-men, from Proto-Indo-European *-mn̥ (creates action nouns or result nouns). Last part from French -al (-al), from Middle French, from Old French -al, from Latin -ālis, from Proto-Indo-European *-li-.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /abdɔmɪˈnɑːl/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɑːl
  • Hyphenation: ab‧do‧mi‧nal

AdjectiveEdit

abdominal (neuter singular abdominalt, definite singular and plural abdominale, comparative mer abdominal, superlative mest abdominal)

  1. (anatomy, medicine) abdominal (of or pertaining to the abdomen)
    • 2015 February 18, tidsskriftet.no (Tidsskrift for Den norske legeforening):
      mannen [hadde] et påfallende rundt ansikt, abdominal fedme og tynne ekstremiteter
      the man [had] a striking round face, abdominal obesity and thin extremities
    abdominalt støttebelte ved brokk
    abdominal support belt for hernia

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit


PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From New Latin abdōminālis.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

abdominal m or f (plural abdominais, not comparable)

  1. abdominal

NounEdit

abdominal m (plural abdominais)

  1. sit-up

Related termsEdit


RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French abdominal.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

abdominal m or n (feminine singular abdominală, masculine plural abdominali, feminine and neuter plural abdominale)

  1. abdominal

DeclensionEdit


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From New Latin abdōminālis.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /abdomiˈnal/, [aβ̞.ð̞o.miˈnal]
  • Rhymes: -al
  • Hyphenation: ab‧do‧mi‧nal

AdjectiveEdit

abdominal (plural abdominales)

  1. abdominal

Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

abdominal m (plural abdominales)

  1. abdominal muscle
  2. sit-up

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

abdomen +‎ -al

AdjectiveEdit

abdominal (not comparable)

  1. abdominal

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of abdominal
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular abdominal
Neuter singular abdominalt
Plural abdominala
Masculine plural3 abdominale
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 abdominale
All abdominala
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.
3) Dated or archaic