See also: अहम

Sanskrit edit

Alternative scripts edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *aźʰám, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *aȷ́ʰám, from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂óm. Cognate with Avestan 𐬀𐬰𐬇𐬨 (azə̄m), Ancient Greek ἐγώ (egṓ), Latin ego, Old English ic (whence English I).

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

अहम् (ahám)

  1. I

Declension edit

Declension of अहम्
Nom. sg. अहम् (aham)
Gen. sg. मम (mama)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative अहम् (aham) आवाम् (āvām) वयम् (vayam)
Vocative
Accusative माम् (mām) आवाम् (āvām) अस्मान् (asmān)
Instrumental मया (mayā) आवाभ्याम् (āvābhyām) अस्माभिः (asmābhiḥ)
Dative मह्यम् (mahyam) आवाभ्याम् (āvābhyām) अस्मभ्यम् (asmabhyam)
Ablative मत् (mat) आवाभ्याम् (āvābhyām) अस्मत् (asmat)
Genitive मम (mama) आवयोः (āvayoḥ) अस्माकम् (asmākam)
Locative मयि (mayi) आवयोः (āvayoḥ) अस्मासु (asmāsu)
Poetic Variants edit
Declension of अहम्
Nom. sg.
Gen. sg. मे (me)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative
Vocative
Accusative मा () नौ (nau) नः (naḥ)
Instrumental
Dative मे (me) नौ (nau) नः (naḥ)
Ablative
Genitive मे (me) नौ (nau) नः (naḥ)
Locative

Descendants edit

References edit

  1. ^ Pischel, Richard; Jha, Subhadra (contributor) (1957) Comparative Grammar of the Prakrit Languages[1], Varanasi: Motilal Banarasidass.
  • Monier Williams (1899), “अहम्”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, →OCLC, page 124/2.
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1992) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan]‎[2] (in German), volume 1, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 155