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SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes. Cognates include Latin trēs, Ancient Greek τρεῖς (treîs) and Old English þrēo (English three).

PronunciationEdit


NumeralEdit

त्रि (trím

  1. three

DeclensionEdit

Masculine declension
Nom. sg. - (-)
Gen. sg. - (-)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative - (-) - (-) [[त्रयः (trayaḥ)#Sanskrit|त्रयः (trayaḥ)]] (trayaḥ (trayaḥ))
Vocative - (-) - (-) [[त्रयः (trayaḥ)#Sanskrit|त्रयः (trayaḥ)]] (trayaḥ (trayaḥ))
Accusative - (-) - (-) [[त्रीन् (trīn)#Sanskrit|त्रीन् (trīn)]] (trīn (trīn))
Instrumental - (-) - (-) [[त्रिभिः (tribhiḥ)#Sanskrit|त्रिभिः (tribhiḥ)]] (tribhiḥ (tribhiḥ))
Dative - (-) - (-) [[त्रिभ्यः (tribhyaḥ)#Sanskrit|त्रिभ्यः (tribhyaḥ)]] (tribhyaḥ (tribhyaḥ))
Ablative - (-) - (-) [[त्रिभ्यः (tribhyaḥ)#Sanskrit|त्रिभ्यः (tribhyaḥ)]] (tribhyaḥ (tribhyaḥ))
Genitive - (-) - (-) [[त्रयाणाम् (trayāṇām)#Sanskrit|त्रयाणाम् (trayāṇām)]] (trayāṇām (trayāṇām))
Locative - (-) - (-) [[त्रिषु (triṣu)#Sanskrit|त्रिषु (triṣu)]] (triṣu (triṣu))
Feminine declension
Nom. sg. - (-)
Gen. sg. - (-)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative - (-) - (-) [[तिस्रः (tisraḥ)#Sanskrit|तिस्रः (tisraḥ)]] (tisraḥ (tisraḥ))
Vocative - (-) - (-) [[तिस्रः (tisraḥ)#Sanskrit|तिस्रः (tisraḥ)]] (tisraḥ (tisraḥ))
Accusative - (-) - (-) [[तिस्रः (tisraḥ)#Sanskrit|तिस्रः (tisraḥ)]] (tisraḥ (tisraḥ))
Instrumental - (-) - (-) [[तिसृभिः (tisṛbhiḥ)#Sanskrit|तिसृभिः (tisṛbhiḥ)]] (tisṛbhiḥ (tisṛbhiḥ))
Dative - (-) - (-) [[तिसृभ्यः (tisṛbhyaḥ)#Sanskrit|तिसृभ्यः (tisṛbhyaḥ)]] (tisṛbhyaḥ (tisṛbhyaḥ))
Ablative - (-) - (-) [[तिसृभ्यः (tisṛbhyaḥ)#Sanskrit|तिसृभ्यः (tisṛbhyaḥ)]] (tisṛbhyaḥ (tisṛbhyaḥ))
Genitive - (-) - (-) [[तिसृणाम् (tisṛṇām)#Sanskrit|तिसृणाम् (tisṛṇām)]] (tisṛṇām (tisṛṇām))
Locative - (-) - (-) [[तिसृषु (tisṛṣu)#Sanskrit|तिसृषु (tisṛṣu)]] (tisṛṣu (tisṛṣu))
Neuter declension
Nom. sg. - (-)
Gen. sg. - (-)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative - (-) - (-) [[त्रीणि (trīṇi)#Sanskrit|त्रीणि (trīṇi)]] (trīṇi (trīṇi))
Vocative - (-) - (-) [[त्रीणि (trīṇi)#Sanskrit|त्रीणि (trīṇi)]] (trīṇi (trīṇi))
Accusative - (-) - (-) [[त्रीणि (trīṇi)#Sanskrit|त्रीणि (trīṇi)]] (trīṇi (trīṇi))
Instrumental - (-) - (-) [[त्रिभिः (tribhiḥ)#Sanskrit|त्रिभिः (tribhiḥ)]] (tribhiḥ (tribhiḥ))
Dative - (-) - (-) [[त्रिभ्यः (tribhyaḥ)#Sanskrit|त्रिभ्यः (tribhyaḥ)]] (tribhyaḥ (tribhyaḥ))
Ablative - (-) - (-) [[त्रिभ्यः (tribhyaḥ)#Sanskrit|त्रिभ्यः (tribhyaḥ)]] (tribhyaḥ (tribhyaḥ))
Genitive - (-) - (-) [[त्रयाणाम् (trayāṇām)#Sanskrit|त्रयाणाम् (trayāṇām)]] (trayāṇām (trayāṇām))
Locative - (-) - (-) [[त्रिषु (triṣu)#Sanskrit|त्रिषु (triṣu)]] (triṣu (triṣu))

ReferencesEdit

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0457