SanskritEdit

Sanskrit numbers (edit)
100
 ←  9 १०
10
11  → 
1
    Cardinal: दश (daśa)
    Ordinal: दशम (daśama)

Alternative scriptsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *dáśa, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *dáća, from Proto-Indo-European *déḱm̥. Cognate with Avestan 𐬛𐬀𐬯𐬀(dasa), Ancient Greek δέκα (déka), Latin decem, Old English tīen (whence English ten).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

दश (dáśa)

  1. ten

Borrowed termsEdit

  • Old Javanese:

DescendantsEdit

  • Ardhamagadhi Prakrit: 𑀤𑀲 (dasa)
    • Fiji Hindi: das
  • Dardic: *dáśa
    • Central Dardic:
      • Chitral:
        • Kalasha: [script needed] (daš)
        • Khowar: جوش(ǰoš)
      • Kunar:
        • Dameli: [script needed] (daš)
        • Gawar-Shumashti:
          • Gawar-Bati: [script needed] (dɔš, daš)
          • Shumashti: [script needed] (däs)
      • Pashayi: دې()
    • Eastern Dardic:
      • Kashmiri: دَہ(dah)
      • Kohistani:
        • Kohistani-Bashkari:
          • Bashkari-Torwali:
            • Kalami: دش(dəš)
            • Torwali: دش(dəš)
          • Indus Kohistani:
            Kanyawali: [script needed] (däš)
            Kohistani: [script needed] (daš)
          • Wotapuri-Katarqalai: [script needed] (daš(ə))
        • Tirahi: [script needed] (dah)
      • Shina:
        • Phalura-Savi:
          • Phalura: داش (dāš)
          • Savi: [Term?]
        • Shina: دَئ(daï)
  • Helu:
  • Magadhi Prakrit: 𑀤𑀰 (daśa)
  • Pali: dasa
  • Maharastri Prakrit: 𑀤𑀲 (dasa), 𑀤𑀳 (daha)
  • Sauraseni Prakrit: 𑀤𑀲 (dasa)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Benjamin W. Fortson IV (2010), “Indo-Iranian I: Indic”, in Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, 2nd edition, page 203