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HindiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit मातृ (mātṛ), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *mā́tr-, from Proto-Indo-European *méh₂tēr.

NounEdit

मातृ (mātṛf (Urdu spelling ماتر)

  1. (literary, rare) mother

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *máHtā, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *máHtā, from Proto-Indo-European *méh₂tēr. Cognate with Avestan 𐬨𐬁𐬙𐬀𐬭 (mātar), Old Persian 𐎶𐎠𐎫𐎠 (mātā), Old Armenian մայր (mayr), Ancient Greek μήτηρ (mḗtēr), Old Church Slavonic мати (mati), Latin māter, Old English mōdor (whence English mother).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /mɑ́ː.t̪r̩/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈmɑː.t̪r̩/
  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /mɑː.t̪ŕ̩/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈmɑː.t̪r̩/
  • NounEdit

    मातृ (mā́tṛ, mātṛ́f

    1. mother

    DeclensionEdit

    Feminine ṛ-stem declension of मातृ (mā́tṛ)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative माता
    mā́tā
    मातरौ / मातरा¹
    mā́tarau / mā́tarā¹
    मातरः
    mā́taraḥ
    Vocative मातः
    mā́taḥ
    मातरौ / मातरा¹
    mā́tarau / mā́tarā¹
    मातरः
    mā́taraḥ
    Accusative मातरम्
    mā́taram
    मातरौ / मातरा¹
    mā́tarau / mā́tarā¹
    मातॄः
    mā́tṝḥ
    Instrumental मात्रा
    mā́trā
    मातृभ्याम्
    mā́tṛbhyām
    मातृभिः
    mā́tṛbhiḥ
    Dative मात्रे
    mā́tre
    मातृभ्याम्
    mā́tṛbhyām
    मातृभ्यः
    mā́tṛbhyaḥ
    Ablative मातुः
    mā́tuḥ
    मातृभ्याम्
    mā́tṛbhyām
    मातृभ्यः
    mā́tṛbhyaḥ
    Genitive मातुः
    mā́tuḥ
    मात्रोः
    mā́troḥ
    मातॄणाम्
    mā́tṝṇām
    Locative मातरि
    mā́tari
    मात्रोः
    mā́troḥ
    मातृषु
    mā́tṛṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic
    Feminine ṛ-stem declension of मातृ (mātṛ́)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative माता
    mātā́
    मातरौ / मातरा¹
    mātárau / mātárā¹
    मातरः
    mātáraḥ
    Vocative मातः
    mā́taḥ
    मातरौ / मातरा¹
    mā́tarau / mā́tarā¹
    मातरः
    mā́taraḥ
    Accusative मातरम्
    mātáram
    मातरौ / मातरा¹
    mātárau / mātárā¹
    मातॄः
    mātṝ́ḥ
    Instrumental मात्रा
    mātrā́
    मातृभ्याम्
    mātṛ́bhyām
    मातृभिः
    mātṛ́bhiḥ
    Dative मात्रे
    mātré
    मातृभ्याम्
    mātṛ́bhyām
    मातृभ्यः
    mātṛ́bhyaḥ
    Ablative मातुः
    mātúḥ
    मातृभ्याम्
    mātṛ́bhyām
    मातृभ्यः
    mātṛ́bhyaḥ
    Genitive मातुः
    mātúḥ
    मात्रोः
    mātróḥ
    मातॄणाम्
    mātṝṇā́m
    Locative मातरि
    mātári
    मात्रोः
    mātróḥ
    मातृषु
    mātṛ́ṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic

    Derived termsEdit

    DescendantsEdit