रत्न

Contents

HindiEdit

Alternative FormsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Sanskrit रत्न ‎(ratna).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): [ɾəˈt̪ən̪]

NounEdit

रत्न ‎(ratnam

  1. jewel, gem, precious stone
  2. treasure

NepaliEdit

EtymologyEdit

Sanskrit रत्न ‎(ratna).

NounEdit

रत्न ‎(ratna)

  1. gem, jewel

SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From राति ‎(√rā, to grant, give, bestow).

NounEdit

रत्न ‎(rátnan

  1. gift, present, goods, wealth, riches (RV., AV., ŚBr.)
  2. jewel, gem, treasure, precious stone (the nine jewel are pearl, ruby, topaz, diamond, emerald, lapis lazuli, coral, sapphire, गोमेद​ ‎(gomeda); hence ratna is a name for the number 9; but according to some 14) (Mn. MBh. etc.)
  3. anything valuable or best of its kind (e. g. पुत्ररत्न​ ‎(putra-ratna, an excellent son))
  4. magnet, loadstone (Kap., Sch.) (compare मणि ‎(maṇi))
  5. water (L.)
  6. = रत्नहविस् ‎(ratna-havis) (ŚBr.)

DeclensionEdit

Neuter a-stem declension of रत्न
Nom. sg. रत्नम् ‎(ratnam)
Gen. sg. रत्नस्य ‎(ratnasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative रत्नम् ‎(ratnam) रत्ने ‎(ratne) रत्नानि ‎(ratnāni)
Vocative रत्न ‎(ratna) रत्ने ‎(ratne) रत्नानि ‎(ratnāni)
Accusative रत्नम् ‎(ratnam) रत्ने ‎(ratne) रत्नानि ‎(ratnāni)
Instrumental रत्नेन ‎(ratnena) रत्नाभ्याम् ‎(ratnābhyām) रत्नैः ‎(ratnaiḥ)
Dative रत्ना ‎(ratnā) रत्नाभ्याम् ‎(ratnābhyām) रत्नेभ्यः ‎(ratnebhyaḥ)
Ablative रत्नात् ‎(ratnāt) रत्नाभ्याम् ‎(ratnābhyām) रत्नेभ्यः ‎(ratnebhyaḥ)
Genitive रत्नस्य ‎(ratnasya) रत्नयोः ‎(ratnayoḥ) रत्नानाम् ‎(ratnānām)
Locative रत्ने ‎(ratne) रत्नयोः ‎(ratnayoḥ) रत्नेषु ‎(ratneṣu)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0864
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