See also: Gift and GIFT

EnglishEdit

 
English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English gift (also yift, yeft, ȝift, ȝeft), partly from Old English ġift (giving, consideration, dowry, wedding) and Old Norse gipt (gift, present, wedding); both from Proto-Germanic *giftiz (gift). Equivalent to give +‎ -th (etymologically yive + -th). Cognate with West Frisian jefte (gift), Saterland Frisian Gift (gift), German Low German Gift (poison), Dutch gift (gift) and its doublet gif (poison), German Gift (poison), Swedish gift (gift, poison, venom), Icelandic gift (gift). Doublet of yift.

PronunciationEdit

  • (US, UK) enPR: gĭft, IPA(key): /ɡɪft/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪft

NounEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

gift (plural gifts)

  1. Something given to another voluntarily, without charge.
  2. A talent or natural ability.
    She had a gift for playing the flute.
    • 1910, Emerson Hough, chapter I, in The Purchase Price: Or The Cause of Compromise, Indianapolis, Ind.: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, OCLC 639762314:
      [] it is not fair of you to bring against mankind double weapons ! Dangerous enough you are as woman alone, without bringing to your aid those gifts of mind suited to problems which men have been accustomed to arrogate to themselves.”
  3. Something gained incidentally, without effort.
  4. The act, right, or power of giving or bestowing.
    The office is in the gift of the President.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Japanese: ギフト (gifuto)

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See alsoEdit

VerbEdit

gift (third-person singular simple present gifts, present participle gifting, simple past and past participle gifted)

  1. (transitive) To give as a gift or donation.
  2. (transitive) To give away, to concede easily.
    • 2011 September 28, Jon Smith, “Valencia 1 - 1 Chelsea”, in BBC Sport[1]:
      Chelsea threw away two points when substitute Salomon Kalou gifted Valencia a penalty five minutes from time with a needless handball.

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


DanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɡift/, [ɡ̊ifd̥]

Etymology 1Edit

From German Gift (poison). Similar to the archaic gift (gift), a verbal noun to give (to give).

NounEdit

gift c (singular definite giften, plural indefinite gifte)

  1. poison (substance harmful to a living organism)
InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Originally the past participle of gifte (marry).

AdjectiveEdit

gift

  1. married
InflectionEdit
Inflection of gift
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular gift 2
Neuter singular gift 2
Plural gifte 2
Definite attributive1 gifte
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

gift

  1. imperative of gifte
  2. past participle of gifte

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch gifte, from Old Dutch *gift, from Proto-Germanic *giftiz. The words gif and vergif, both meaning “poison”, derive from the same source as gift. The sense “poison” may have originated as a shortening of vergift or may have been borrowed from German Gift.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gift f (plural giften, diminutive giftje n)

  1. donation; something given (away) voluntarily.
    Synonyms: cadeau, geschenk, schenking
Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

gift n or f (plural giften, diminutive giftje n)

  1. (dated) poison
    Synonyms: gif, venijn, vergif, vergift
Derived termsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

gift (not comparable)

  1. (obsolete) poisonous, toxic, venomous
    Synonym: giftig

InflectionEdit

Inflection of gift
uninflected gift
inflected gifte
comparative
positive
predicative/adverbial gift
indefinite m./f. sing. gifte
n. sing. gift
plural gifte
definite gifte
partitive gifts

Related termsEdit


FaroeseEdit

NounEdit

gift f (genitive singular giftar, uncountable)

  1. poison

DeclensionEdit

Declension of gift (singular only)
f2s singular
indefinite definite
nominative gift giftin
accusative gift giftina
dative gift giftini
genitive giftar giftarinnar

SynonymsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

gift

  1. married, female form of giftur
    • Ert gift?
      Are you (f) married?

DeclensionEdit

giftur a5
Singular (eintal) m (kallkyn) f (kvennkyn) n (hvørkikyn)
Nominative (hvørfall) giftur gift gift
Accusative (hvønnfall) giftan gifta
Dative (hvørjumfall) giftum giftari giftum
Genitive (hvørsfall) (gifts) (giftar/
giftrar)
(gifts)
Plural (fleirtal) m (kallkyn) f (kvennkyn) n (hvørkikyn)
Nominative (hvørfall) giftir giftar gift
Accusative (hvønnfall) giftar
Dative (hvørjumfall) giftum
Genitive (hvørsfall) (gifta/
giftra)

IcelandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse gipt, from Proto-Germanic *giftiz.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gift f (genitive singular giftar, nominative plural giftir)

  1. (obsolete) gift
    Synonym: gjöf

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

NounEdit

gift f or m (definite singular gifta or giften, indefinite plural gifter, definite plural giftene)

  1. poison (substance harmful to a living organism)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

gift (neuter singular gift, definite singular and plural gifte)

  1. married

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

gift

  1. imperative of gifte

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse gipt.

NounEdit

gift f (definite singular gifta, indefinite plural gifter, definite plural giftene)

  1. poison
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Past participle of gifta.

AdjectiveEdit

gift (indefinite singular gift, definite singular and plural gifte)

  1. married

ParticipleEdit

gift (definite singular and plural gifte)

  1. past participle of gifta and gifte
Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

gift

  1. imperative of gifta and gifte
  2. supine of gifta and gifte

ReferencesEdit


Old EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *giftiz. Cognate with Old Frisian jeft, Old Saxon *gift (in sundargift (privilege, literally special gift)), Dutch gift, Old High German gift (German Gift), Old Norse gipt (> English gift), Gothic 𐍆𐍂𐌰𐌲𐌹𐍆𐍄𐍃 (fragifts).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ġift f (nominative plural ġifta)

  1. Payment for a wife.
  2. (in the plural) marriage, wedding

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit


SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From German Gift.

NounEdit

gift n

  1. poison; venom; virus; toxin
    • 1968 Tove Jansson, Muminpappans memoarer, Holger Schildts Förlag (1991), →ISBN, page 126:
      Rådd-djuret gråter, sade Joxaren förebrående. Spöket har målat en dödskalle på kaffeburken och skrivit GIFT under och nu är Rådd-djuret utom sig och säger att har det inte gift sig förut så kommer det nu absolut aldrig att göra det!
      "The Muddler is crying," said the Joxter reproachfully. "The ghost has painted a skull and crossbones and the word POISON on the Muddler's coffee tin, and now the Muddler is beside himself and says that if it has not gotten married before it will absolutely never do it!"
DeclensionEdit
Declension of gift 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative gift giftet gifter gifterna
Genitive gifts giftets gifters gifternas
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse gipta (give away in marriage), from Proto-Germanic *giftiz.

AdjectiveEdit

gift (not comparable)

  1. married
    ett gift par
    a married couple
    Han är gift sedan tre år.
    He's been married for three years.
    • 1968 Tove Jansson, Muminpappans memoarer, Holger Schildts Förlag (1991), →ISBN, page 126:
      Rådd-djuret gråter, sade Joxaren förebrående. Spöket har målat en dödskalle på kaffeburken och skrivit GIFT under och nu är Rådd-djuret utom sig och säger att har det inte gift sig förut så kommer det nu absolut aldrig att göra det!
      "The Muddler is crying," said the Joxter reproachfully. "The ghost has painted a skull and crossbones and the word POISON on the Muddler's coffee tin, and now the Muddler is beside himself and says that if it has not gotten married before it will absolutely never do it!"
DeclensionEdit
Inflection of gift
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular gift
Neuter singular gift
Plural gifta
Masculine plural3 gifte
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 gifte
All gifta
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.
3) Dated or archaic

VerbEdit

gift

  1. imperative of gifta.
  2. past participle of gifta.
  3. supine of gifta.