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विहार (vi-hāram (once n)

  1. distribution, transposition (of words)
  2. arrangement or disposition (of the 3 sacred fires; also applied to the fires themselves or the space between them)
  3. too great expansion of the organs of speech (consisting in too great lengthening or drawling in pronunciation, as opposed to संहार (saṃ-hāra))
  4. walking for pleasure or amusement, wandering, roaming
  5. sport, play, pastime, diversion, enjoyment, pleasure ("in" or "with" compound; at the end of a compound also = "taking delight in")
  6. a place of recreation, pleasure-ground
  7. (Buddhism, Jainism) vihara, a monastery or temple (originally a hall where the monks met or walked about; afterwards these halls were used as temples)
  8. consecration for a sacrifice
  9. name of the country of मगध (magadha) (called Bihar or Behar from the number of Buddhist monasteries)
  10. shoulder
  11. a particular bird (= बिन्दुरेकक (bindurekaka))
  12. = वैजयन्त (vaijayanta)
  13. a grazing-ground, pasturage
  14. (at the end of a compound) delighting in


Masculine a-stem declension of विहार
Nom. sg. विहारः (vihāraḥ)
Gen. sg. विहारस्य (vihārasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative विहारः (vihāraḥ) विहारौ (vihārau) विहाराः (vihārāḥ)
Vocative विहार (vihāra) विहारौ (vihārau) विहाराः (vihārāḥ)
Accusative विहारम् (vihāram) विहारौ (vihārau) विहारान् (vihārān)
Instrumental विहारेण (vihāreṇa) विहाराभ्याम् (vihārābhyām) विहारैः (vihāraiḥ)
Dative विहाराय (vihārāya) विहाराभ्याम् (vihārābhyām) विहारेभ्यः (vihārebhyaḥ)
Ablative विहारात् (vihārāt) विहाराभ्याम् (vihārābhyām) विहारेभ्यः (vihārebhyaḥ)
Genitive विहारस्य (vihārasya) विहारयोः (vihārayoḥ) विहाराणाम् (vihārāṇām)
Locative विहारे (vihāre) विहारयोः (vihārayoḥ) विहारेषु (vihāreṣu)



  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1003