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PaliEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

हेतु m

  1. Devanagari script form of hetu

SanskritEdit

NounEdit

हेतु ‎(hetúm

  1. "impulse", motive, cause, cause of, reason for (+locative, rarely dative or genitive)
    हेतुना ‎(hetunā), हेतोः ‎(hetoḥ), हेतवे ‎(hetave), हेतौ ‎(hetau) — for a cause or reason, by reason of, on account of (+genitive or compound):
    मम हेतोः ‎(mama hetoḥ) or मद्-धेतोः ‎(mad-dhetoḥ) — on account of me
    कं हेतुम् ‎(kaṃ hetum) or को हेटुः ‎(ko heṭuḥ) — wherefore?, why?
    यतो हेतोः ‎(yato hetoḥ) — because
    अनेन हेतुना ‎(anena hetunā) or इति हेतोः ‎(iti hetoḥ) — for this reason
    मृत्यु-हेतवे ‎(mṛtyu-hetave) — in order to kill
    हेतुर् अलौकिकः ‎(hetur alaukikaḥ) — a supernatural cause
  2. (at the end of a compound) "having as a cause or motive" , "caused or effected or actuated or attracted or impelled by"
    कर्महेतु ‎(karma-hetu) — caused by the acts (of a former existence)
    मांसहेतु ‎(māṃsa-hetu) — attracted by (the smell of) flesh
    कर्मफलहेतु ‎(karma-phala-hetu) — impelled by (the expectation of) the consequences of any act
  3. a logical reason or deduction or argument, the reason for an inference (especially applied to the second member or अवयव ‎(avayava) of the five-membered syllogism; compare न्याय ‎(nyāya))
  4. logic (in general, compare हेतुविद्या ‎(hetuvidyā))
  5. (grammar) the agent of the causal verb
  6. (with Buddhists) primary cause (as opposed to प्रत्यय ‎(pratyaya))
  7. (with पशुपति ‎(paśu-pati)s) that which causes the bondage of the soul i.e. the external world and the senses
  8. the means
    हेतुभिः ‎(hetubhiḥ) (at the end of a compound) — by means of
  9. mode, manner
    हेतुभिः ‎(hetubhiḥ) (at the end of a compound) — according to
  10. price, cost
  11. condition
  12. (rhetoric) = काव्यलिङ्ग ‎(kāvya-liṅga)

DeclensionEdit

Masculine u-stem declension of हेतु
Nom. sg. हेतुः ‎(hetuḥ)
Gen. sg. हेतोः ‎(hetoḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative हेतुः ‎(hetuḥ) हेतू ‎(hetū) हेतवः ‎(hetavaḥ)
Vocative हेतो ‎(heto) हेतू ‎(hetū) हेतवः ‎(hetavaḥ)
Accusative हेतुम् ‎(hetum) हेतू ‎(hetū) हेतून् ‎(hetūn)
Instrumental हेतुना ‎(hetunā) हेतुभ्याम् ‎(hetubhyām) हेतुभिः ‎(hetubhiḥ)
Dative हेतवे ‎(hetave) हेतुभ्याम् ‎(hetubhyām) हेतुभ्यः ‎(hetubhyaḥ)
Ablative हेतोः ‎(hetoḥ) हेतुभ्याम् ‎(hetubhyām) हेतुभ्यः ‎(hetubhyaḥ)
Genitive हेतोः ‎(hetoḥ) हेत्वोः ‎(hetvoḥ) हेतूनाम् ‎(hetūnām)
Locative हेतौ ‎(hetau) हेत्वोः ‎(hetvoḥ) हेतुषु ‎(hetuṣu)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1303
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