ถูก

See also: ถัก

ThaiEdit

PronunciationEdit

Orthographic/Phonemicถูก
tʰ ū k
RomanizationPaiboontùuk
Royal Institutethuk
(standard) IPA(key)/tʰuːk̚˨˩/(R)

Etymology 1Edit

Compare Middle Chinese (MC t͡ɕʰɨok̚, “to touch; to come in contact with”). Cognate with Northern Thai ᨳᩪᨠ, Isan ถืก, Lao ຖືກ (thư̄k), ᦏᦳᧅᧈ (ṫhuk1), Khün ᨳᩪᨠ, Shan ထုၵ်ႇ (thùk), Tai Nüa ᥗᥧᥐᥴ (thúk), Ahom 𑜌𑜤𑜀𑜫 (thuk).

AdjectiveEdit

ถูก (tùuk) (abstract noun ความถูก)

  1. accurate; precise
  2. appropriate; proper; suitable
  3. conformable
  4. correct; lawful; rightful
AntonymsEdit
correct
Derived termsEdit
Derived terms

VerbEdit

ถูก (tùuk) (abstract noun การถูก)

  1. (auxiliary) used as a passive voice marker
  2. to touch or be touched
  3. to match; to fit together
Usage notesEdit

The passive voice marker ถูก (tùuk) is only used when the target of the action undergoes something unfavourable. Examples:

In some cases, the marker ถูก (tùuk) and a less formal marker, โดน (doon), can be used interchangeably.

If the target does not undergo an unfavourable situation, the marker ได้รับ(dâai ráp) is used.

These markers can sometimes be omitted.

Etymology 2Edit

Cognate with Northern Thai ᨳᩪᨠ, Isan ถืก, Lao ຖືກ (thư̄k), ᦏᦳᧅᧈ (ṫhuk1), Khün ᨳᩪᨠ, Nong Zhuang tuk.

AdjectiveEdit

ถูก (tùuk) (abstract noun ความถูก)

  1. cheap; inexpensive
AntonymsEdit
Antonyms