ἐσθλός

Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Possibly from Proto-Indo-European *h₁es- (to be, exist), and thus cognate with εἰμί (eimí, to be), οὐσία (ousía, essence), ἐτεός (eteós, true); yet another possibility is perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *h₁su-, zero-grade form of *h₁esu- (good), from which ἐΰς (eǘs, good) and adverbial εὖ (, well).

PronunciationEdit

 

AdjectiveEdit

ἐσθλός (esthlósm (feminine ἐσθλή, neuter ἐσθλόν); first/second declension

  1. (poetic) good
    1. (of a person)
      1. good at fighting, soldierly, warlike, brave
      2. worthy, serviceable, skilled
      3. morally good, faithful, showing good judgement
    2. (of things or abstractions) good, excellent, fine, helpful, useful

InflectionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • ἐσθλός in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ἐσθλός in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ἐσθλός in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • ἐσθλός in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
  • Hoffmann, J.B. Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Griechischen. Verlag von E. Oldenbourg. München 1950.