ἔθνος

See also: έθνος

Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

PIE word
*swé

From Ancient Greek ἔθω (éthō, I am accustomed, wont (to something)), equivalent to Proto-Indo-European *swedʰ-no-, expanded from the reflexive pronoun Proto-Indo-European *swé (self).

PronunciationEdit

 

NounEdit

ἔθνος (éthnosn (genitive ἔθνεος or ἔθνους); third declension

  1. group of people: tribe, family
  2. group of animals: flock, herd
  3. country, nation
  4. (later, in the plural) foreign nations, barbarians
  5. (Jewish and Christian usage, in the plural) gentiles, heathen
  6. class, caste

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Coptic: ⲉⲑⲛⲟⲥ (ethnos)
  • English: ethnos
  • Greek: έθνος (éthnos)
  • Russian: э́тнос (étnos)

from the spoken alternative form ἕθνος (héthnos):

Further readingEdit