EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Portuguese or Spanish casta (lineage, breed, race), of uncertain origin. The OED derives it from Portuguese casto (chaste), from Latin castus. Coromines (1987) argues instead for a hypothetical Gothic form *𐌺𐌰𐍃𐍄𐍃 (*kasts), cognate with English cast, from Proto-Germanic *kastuz.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

caste (plural castes)

  1. Any of the hereditary social classes and subclasses of South Asian societies.
    • 2017 April 6, Samira Shackle, “On the frontline with Karachi’s ambulance drivers”, in the Guardian[1]:
      Pakistan is a conservative, religious state. The Edhi Foundation is unusual in its ignoring of caste, creed, religion and sect. This strict stance has led to some criticism from religious groups.
    Hyponyms: Brahmin, Kshatriya, Shudra, Vaishya, varna
  2. A separate and fixed order or class of persons in society who chiefly associate with each other.
    • 1930, Norman Lindsay, Redheap, Sydney: Ure Smith, published 1965, page 89:
      It was an evidence of the peculiar nature of caste in country towns[.]
    • 1934, Agatha Christie, chapter 5, in Murder on the Orient Express, London: HarperCollins, published 2017, page 236:
      'I believe, Messieurs, in loyalty - to one's friends and one's family and one's caste.'
    • 1911, Thomas Babington Macaulay, “Bunyan, John”, in 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica:
      The tinkers then formed a hereditary caste.
  3. (zoology) A class of polymorphous eusocial insects of a particular size and function within a colony.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

VerbEdit

caste

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of casten

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Portuguese casta, probably of Gothic and Germanic origin, or alternatively from a derivative of Latin castus.

NounEdit

caste f (plural castes)

  1. caste (hereditary class)
  2. class (social position)

ReferencesEdit


GalicianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Probably from Gothic *𐌺𐌰𐍃𐍄𐍃 (*kasts), from Proto-Germanic *kastuz, *kastōną (to throw, cast), compare English cast.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

caste f (plural castes)

  1. species, race or kind
    • 1853, Juan Manuel Pintos, A Gaita Gallega, Pontevedra: Impr. de D. José e D. Primitivo Vilas, page 29:
      Por aquí nacen os ricos polo outro probes labregos. Estas son as dúas castes que hai en todo o mundo inteiro.
      Here the rich people are born, there the poor peasants; these are the two races that there are in the whole world
  2. quality
    • 1859, Ramón Barros Silvelo, Un dia de desfertuna, page 3:
      Dime logo que o probe do animal ou é de mala caste, ou ben non come
      He readily told me that the animal [that I was selling] either was of bad quality, or either it didn't eat
  3. progeny; group of people that share a common ancestor
    • 1853, Juan Manuel Pintos, A Gaita Gallega, Pontevedra: Impr. de D. José e D. Primitivo Vilas, page 8:
      { soy llamado Pedro Luces ... } - To to to, vamos con tento que un home con ese nome pode ser caste do demo.
      {I am called Peter Lights...} —Wo wo wo! Let us be careful: a man with that name could de a Devil's child.
    Synonyms: estirpe, fruxe, liñaxe

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Coromines, Joan; Pascual, José A. (1983–1991), “casta”, in Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico (in Spanish), Madrid: Gredos, →ISBN

ItalianEdit

AdjectiveEdit

caste

  1. feminine plural of casto

NounEdit

caste f

  1. plural of casta

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From castus +‎ .

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

castē (comparative castius, superlative castissimē)

  1. purely, spotlessly, virtuously
  2. piously, religiously

Etymology 2Edit

Inflected form of castus.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

caste

  1. vocative masculine singular of castus

ReferencesEdit

  • caste in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • caste in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • caste in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette