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See also: ιστός and -ιστος


Ancient GreekEdit


Related to ἵστημι (hístēmi), from Proto-Indo-European *steh₂-.




ῐ̔στός (histósm (genitive ῐ̔στοῦ); second declension

  1. mast
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 15.289
      ἱστὸν δ᾽ εἰλάτινον κοίλης ἔντοσθε μεσόδμης στῆσαν ἀείραντες
      The mast of fir they raised and set in the hollow socket.
  2. shinbone
  3. an (unknown) constellation
    • 400 CE – 600 CE, Aëtius, Sixteen Books on Medicine 3.164
  4. (weaving) beam (of a loom; see usage notes)
  5. (weaving) loom
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 6.491
      ἀλλ᾽ εἰς οἶκον ἰοῦσα τὰ σ᾽ αὐτῆς ἔργα κόμιζε ἱστόν τ᾽ ἠλακάτην τε
      Nay, go thou to the house and busy thyself with thine own tasks, the loom and the distaff.
  6. (weaving) web
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 3.125
      τὴν δ᾽ εὗρ᾽ ἐν μεγάρῳ: ἣ δὲ μέγαν ἱστὸν ὕφαινε δίπλακα πορφυρέην
      She found Helen in the hall, where she was weaving a great purple web of double fold.

Usage notesEdit

Unlike modern looms, the beam of an Ancient Greek loom stood upright.


Derived termsEdit



  • ἱστός in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ἱστός in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ἱστός in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «ἱστός» in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • «ἱστός» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • ἱστός in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
    • frame idem, page 342.
    • loom idem, page 499.
    • mast idem, page 516.
    • warp idem, page 963.