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See also: ιστός and -ιστος

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Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

Related to ἵστημι (hístēmi), from Proto-Indo-European *steh₂-.

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /his.tós/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /(h)isˈtos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /isˈtos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /isˈtos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /isˈtos/
  • NounEdit

    ῐ̔στός (histósm (genitive ῐ̔στοῦ); second declension

    1. mast
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 15.289
        ἱστὸν δ᾽ εἰλάτινον κοίλης ἔντοσθε μεσόδμης στῆσαν ἀείραντες
        històn d᾽ eilátinon koílēs éntosthe mesódmēs stêsan aeírantes
        The mast of fir they raised and set in the hollow socket.
    2. shinbone
    3. an (unknown) constellation
      • 400 CE – 600 CE, Aëtius, Sixteen Books on Medicine 3.164
    4. (weaving) beam (of a loom; see usage notes)
    5. (weaving) loom
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 6.491
        ἀλλ᾽ εἰς οἶκον ἰοῦσα τὰ σ᾽ αὐτῆς ἔργα κόμιζε ἱστόν τ᾽ ἠλακάτην τε
        all᾽ eis oîkon ioûsa tà s᾽ autês érga kómize histón t᾽ ēlakátēn te
        Nay, go thou to the house and busy thyself with thine own tasks, the loom and the distaff.
    6. (weaving) web
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 3.125
        τὴν δ᾽ εὗρ᾽ ἐν μεγάρῳ: ἣ δὲ μέγαν ἱστὸν ὕφαινε δίπλακα πορφυρέην
        tḕn d᾽ heûr᾽ en megárōi: hḕ dè mégan històn húphaine díplaka porphuréēn
        She found Helen in the hall, where she was weaving a great purple web of double fold.

    Usage notesEdit

    Unlike modern looms, the beam of an Ancient Greek loom stood upright.

    InflectionEdit

    Derived termsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • ἱστός in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
    • ἱστός in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
    • ἱστός in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
    • ἱστός in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
    • ἱστός in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
    • ἱστός in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
    • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.