ἱστός

See also: ιστός and -ιστος

Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

Related to ἵστημι (hístēmi), from Proto-Indo-European *steh₂-.

PronunciationEdit

 

NounEdit

ῐ̔στός (histósm (genitive ῐ̔στοῦ); second declension

  1. mast
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 15.289:
      ἱστὸν δ’ εἰλάτινον κοίλης ἔντοσθε μεσόδμης στῆσαν ἀείραντες
      històn d’ eilátinon koílēs éntosthe mesódmēs stêsan aeírantes
      The mast of fir they raised and set in the hollow socket.
  2. shinbone
  3. an (unknown) constellation
    • 400 CE – 600 CE, Aëtius, Sixteen Books on Medicine 3.164
  4. (weaving) beam (of a loom; see usage notes)
  5. (weaving) loom
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 6.491:
      ἀλλ’ εἰς οἶκον ἰοῦσα τὰ σ’ αὐτῆς ἔργα κόμιζε ἱστόν τ’ ἠλακάτην τε
      all’ eis oîkon ioûsa tà s’ autês érga kómize histón t’ ēlakátēn te
      Nay, go thou to the house and busy thyself with thine own tasks, the loom and the distaff.
  6. (weaving) web
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 3.125:
      τὴν δ’ εὗρ’ ἐν μεγάρῳ: ἣ δὲ μέγαν ἱστὸν ὕφαινε δίπλακα πορφυρέην
      tḕn d’ heûr’ en megárōi: hḕ dè mégan històn húphaine díplaka porphuréēn
      She found Helen in the hall, where she was weaving a great purple web of double fold.

Usage notesEdit

Unlike modern looms, the beam of an Ancient Greek loom stood upright.

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • English: histo-
  • Greek: ιστός m (istós, mast, loom, web)

ReferencesEdit

  • ἱστός in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ἱστός in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ἱστός in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • ἱστός in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • ἱστός in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • ἱστός in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.