See also: 外來語 and 外来语

Japanese

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Kanji in this term
がい
Grade: 2
らい
Grade: 2

Grade: 2
kan’on on’yomi goon
Alternative spelling
外來語 (kyūjitai)

Etymology

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Compound of 外来 (gairai, foreign) +‎ (-go, morpheme; word; expression).[1] First used by Ueda Kazutoshi in 1895,[1] likely as a calque of German Fremdwort.[2]

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(がい)(らい)() (gairaigoぐわいらいご (gwairaigo)?

  1. [1895] (linguistics) a "recent"[2] loanword, a Japanese word that has been borrowed since the modernization of Japan during the Meiji era from a modern foreign language, especially a European one; compare 借用語 (shakuyōgo)
    ググるとは外来語(がいらいご)
    “Guguru” to wa gairaigo da.
    "To google" is a recent loanword.

References

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  1. 1.0 1.1 外来語”, in 日本国語大辞典 [Nihon Kokugo Daijiten]‎[1] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, 2000
  2. 2.0 2.1 Frellesvig, Bjarke (2010) A History of the Japanese Language, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN
  3. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN