U+8A9E, 語
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8A9E

[U+8A9D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8A9F]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 149 +7, 14 strokes, cangjie input 卜口一一口 (YRMMR), four-corner 01661, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1163, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35533
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1628, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3974, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+8A9E

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Small seal script
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋraː, *ŋaː
*ŋraː, *ŋa, *ŋaʔ
*ŋaː
*ŋaː
*ŋaː
*ŋaː
*ŋaː, *ŋa, *ŋaʔ
*ŋaː
*ŋaː
*ŋaː
峿 *ŋaː
*ŋaːʔ
*ŋaːʔ
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋa, *ŋaʔ
*ŋaʔ, *ŋas
*ŋaʔ
*ŋaʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋaʔ, *ŋas): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ŋraː, *ŋaː).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • mainstream Taiwanese:
    • gí/gú - vernacular;
    • gú - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (31)
Final () (22)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɨʌX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋiɔX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiɔX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɨə̆X/
Li
Rong
/ŋiɔX/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭoX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯woX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngjoX ›
Old
Chinese
/*ŋ(r)aʔ/
English speak

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 13159
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋaʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to speak; to say
  2. (of an animal) to chirp; to hoot
  3. speech; language
  4. (linguistics) spoken language (contrary to written language )
  5. expression; words
  6. saying; proverb; set phrase
  7. movement or signal which transmits information
  8. chirping; tweet

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (31)
Final () (22)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɨʌH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋiɔH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiɔH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɨə̆H/
Li
Rong
/ŋiɔH/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭoH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯woH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngjoH ›
Old
Chinese
/*ŋ(r)aʔ-s/
English tell

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 13165
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋas/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to tell; to inform

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. A word.
  2. Speech.
  3. Language.
  4. A term.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
on'yomi

EtymologyEdit

Middle Chinese

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji go)

  1. word
  2. term

SynonymsEdit

SuffixEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji -go)

  1. language of, -ese, -ish
     () (ほん) ()NihongoJapanese
     (えい) ()EigoEnglish
    スペイン ()SupeingoSpanish

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eo) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ŏ, Yale e)
  1. language of, -ese, -ish

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ngữ, ngứ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.