See also:
U+8A9E, 語
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8A9E

[U+8A9D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8A9F]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 149, +7, 14 strokes, cangjie input 卜口一一口 (YRMMR), four-corner 01661, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1163, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35533
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1628, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3974, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+8A9E

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script
         

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋaʔ, *ŋas): semantic + phonetic (OC *ŋraː, *ŋaː).

EtymologyEdit

Compare Tibetan ངག (ngag, speech).

According to Schuessler (2007), (OC *ŋan, “to speak; speech; talk”) is (OC *ŋaʔ) with a nominal n-suffix.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • General Taiwanese:
    • gí/gú - vernacular;
    • gú - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (22)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋɨʌX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋiɔX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋiɔX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋɨə̆X/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋiɔX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋĭoX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋi̯woX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    jyu5
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ngjoX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋ(r)aʔ/
    English speak

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 13159
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋaʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to speak; to say
    2. (of an animal) to chirp; to hoot
    3. speech; language
    4. (linguistics) spoken language (contrary to written language )
    5. expression; words
    6. saying; proverb; set phrase
    7. movement or signal which transmits information
    8. chirping; tweet

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (22)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋɨʌH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋiɔH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋiɔH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋɨə̆H/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋiɔH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋĭoH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋi̯woH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    jyu6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ngjoH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋ(r)aʔ-s/
    English tell

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 13165
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋas/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to tell; to inform

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: () (go)
    • Korean: (, eo)
    • Vietnamese: ngữ ()

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 2
    goon
     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
     
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia

    From Middle Chinese (MC ŋɨʌX).

    PronunciationEdit

      This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

    NounEdit

    () (go

    1. (linguistics) a word, term
      Synonyms: 言葉 (kotoba), 単語 (tango)
    2. a proverb
      Synonyms: (kotowaza), 成句 (seiku)

    Derived termsEdit

    SuffixEdit

    () (-go

    1. language of, -ese, -ish
      ()(ほん)()nihongoJapanese
      (えい)()eigoEnglish
      スペイン()supeingoSpanish

    Derived termsEdit

    AffixEdit

    () (go

    1. talk, speak
    2. word, language, term
    3. Short for 物語 (monogatari): story, tale, narrative

    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC ŋɨʌX).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 ᅌᅥᆼ〯 (Yale: ngě)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[2] 말〯ᄉᆞᆷ〮 (Yale: mǎlsóm) 어〯 (Yale: ě)

    PronunciationEdit

    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ʌ̹(ː)]
    • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
      • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 말씀 (malsseum eo))

    1. Hanja form? of (language of; -ese; -ish).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Việt readings: ngữ[1][2][3]
    : Nôm readings: ngỡ[1][2][3][4], ngửa[1][2][3][4], ngữ[1][2][3], ngứa[1][3], ngợ[3][4], gỡ[1]

    1. Hán tự form of ngữ (language).
    2. Nôm form of ngỡ (to think that).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit