See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
語-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
語-seal.svg

As the original form of 語 () was borrowed for other meanings, a new character was created to represent the original meaning of 吾. This new character was created by combining the original character with the semantic element .

Han characterEdit

(radical 149 +7, 14 strokes, cangjie input 卜口一一口 (YRMMR), four-corner 01661, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1163, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35533
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1628, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3974, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+8A9E

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (31)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɨʌX/ /ŋi̯woX/ /ŋiɔX/ /ŋiɔX/ /ŋɨə̆X/ /ŋĭoX/ /ŋiɔX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (31)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɨʌH/ /ŋi̯woH/ /ŋiɔH/ /ŋiɔH/ /ŋɨə̆H/ /ŋĭoH/ /ŋiɔH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13159 0 /*ŋaʔ/
13165 0 /*ŋas/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. language; speech; expression; words
  2. saying; proverb; set phrase

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. A word.
  2. Speech.
  3. Language.
  4. A term.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Usage notesEdit

Add the suffix -語 to the name of a country to derive the word for that country's language. For example, 日本 (Nihon, "Japan") + = 日本 (Nihongo, "Japanese"); スペイン (Supein, "Spain") + = スペイン (Supeingo, "Spanish"). Note that there are some exceptions to this, such as イギリス (Igirisu, "England") and 英 (Eigo, "English").

SuffixEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji -go)

  1. language of, -ese, -ish

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(eo) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ŏ, Yale e)
  1. language of, -ese, -ish

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ngữ, ngứ)

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