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See also:
U+8A9E, 語
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8A9E

[U+8A9D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8A9F]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 149 +7, 14 strokes, cangjie input 卜口一一口 (YRMMR), four-corner 01661, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1163, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35533
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1628, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3974, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+8A9E

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋraː, *ŋaː
*ŋraː, *ŋa, *ŋaʔ
*ŋaː
*ŋaː
*ŋaː
*ŋaː
*ŋaː, *ŋa, *ŋaʔ
*ŋaː
*ŋaː
*ŋaː
峿 *ŋaː
*ŋaːʔ
*ŋaːʔ
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋa, *ŋaʔ
*ŋaʔ, *ŋas
*ŋaʔ
*ŋaʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋaʔ, *ŋas): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ŋraː, *ŋaː).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • mainstream Taiwanese:
    • gí/gú - vernacular;
    • gú - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (22)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋɨʌX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋiɔX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋiɔX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋɨə̆X/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋiɔX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋĭoX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋi̯woX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ngjoX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋ(r)aʔ/
    English speak

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 13159
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋaʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to speak; to say
    2. (of an animal) to chirp; to hoot
    3. speech; language
    4. (linguistics) spoken language (contrary to written language )
    5. expression; words
    6. saying; proverb; set phrase
    7. movement or signal which transmits information
    8. chirping; tweet

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit


    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (22)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋɨʌH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋiɔH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋiɔH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋɨə̆H/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋiɔH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋĭoH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋi̯woH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ngjoH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋ(r)aʔ-s/
    English tell

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 13165
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋas/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to tell; to inform

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. A word.
    2. Speech.
    3. Language.
    4. A term.

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 2
    on’yomi

    EtymologyEdit

    Middle Chinese

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji go)

    1. word
    2. term

    SynonymsEdit

    SuffixEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji -go)

    1. language of, -ese, -ish
       () (ほん) ()NihongoJapanese
       (えい) ()EigoEnglish
      スペイン ()SupeingoSpanish

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eo) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ŏ, Yale e)

    1. language of, -ese, -ish

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (ngữ, ngứ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.