Contents

ChineseEdit

 
small; tiny; few; young
knife
simp. and trad.
(小刀)

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

小刀

  1. short sword
  2. pocketknife; penknife

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: 1
とう
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 小刀(sjewX taw, literally small + blade). Compare modern Mandarin reading xiǎodāo, Cantonese siu2 dou1, Min Nan sió-to.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

小刀 ‎(hiragana しょうとう, romaji shōtō, historical hiragana せうたう)

  1. small knife, short sword

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
かたな > がたな
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Compound of (ko, small, little) +‎ (katana, sword, blade).[3][1][2] The katana changes to gatana as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

小刀 ‎(hiragana こがたな, romaji kogatana)

  1. small knife, short sword
Usage notesEdit
  • The kogatana reading is more common than shōtō.
See alsoEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
ちい(さ)
Grade: 1
かたな > がたな
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Compound of 小さ(chīsa, small, the stem of adjective 小さい chīsai) +‎ (katana, sword, blade). The katana changes to gatana as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

小刀 ‎(hiragana ちいさがたな, romaji chīsagatana)

  1. a specific kind of short sword without a hilt guard

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  3. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan