See also: and
U+5200, 刀
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5200

[U+51FF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5201]
U+2F11, ⼑
KANGXI RADICAL KNIFE

[U+2F10]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F12]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Alternative forms edit

  • (when used as a right radical component)

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 18, +0, 2 strokes, cangjie input 尸竹 (SH), four-corner 17220, composition 𠃌丿)

  1. Kangxi radical #18, .

Derived characters edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 135, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1845
  • Dae Jaweon: page 304, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 319, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5200

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𠚣
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
 
不銹鋼及陶瓷刀

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
           

Pictogram (象形) – a knife.

Etymology 1 edit

Unclear. Here are several proposals:

Pronunciation edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tɑu⁵⁵/
Harbin /tau⁴⁴/
Tianjin /tɑu²¹/
Jinan /tɔ²¹³/
Qingdao /tɔ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /tau²⁴/
Xi'an /tau²¹/
Xining /tɔ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /tɔ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /tɔ³¹/
Ürümqi /tɔ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /tau⁵⁵/
Chengdu /tau⁵⁵/
Guiyang /tao⁵⁵/
Kunming /tɔ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /tɔo³¹/
Hefei /tɔ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /tau¹¹/
Pingyao /tɔ¹³/
Hohhot /tɔ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /tɔ⁵³/
Suzhou /tæ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /tɔ³³/
Wenzhou /tɜ³³/
Hui Shexian /tɔ³¹/
Tunxi /tə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /tau³³/
Xiangtan /taɯ³³/
Gan Nanchang /tɑu⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /tau⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /to²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tou⁵³/
Nanning /tu⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /tou⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /to⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /to⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tau⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /to³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdo²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter taw
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tɑu/
Pan
Wuyun
/tɑu/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɑu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/taw/
Li
Rong
/tɑu/
Wang
Li
/tɑu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tɑu/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dāo
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
dou1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dāo
Middle
Chinese
‹ taw ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.tˁaw/
English knife

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2108
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*taːw/

Definitions edit

  1. knife; blade (Classifier: m c g h j mb md w x;  c h;  mn;  mn mn-t)
  2. single-edged sword; cutlass
  3. Classifier for sets of one hundred sheets of paper.
  4. Classifier for incisions with a knife, blade, single-edged sword, etc.
  5. (neologism, Internet) to bargain; to negotiate on price
  6. a surname (only common among Tai people)
      ―  Dāo Shìxūn  ―  Dao Shixun

Synonyms edit

  • (knife):
  • (to bargain):

Compounds edit

Descendants edit

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (とう) ()
  • Korean: 도(刀) (do)
  • Vietnamese: đao ()

Others:

Etymology 2 edit

From English dollar.

Pronunciation edit


Definitions edit

  1. (Mandarin, neologism, colloquial) dollar
Synonyms edit
  • (Cantonese)

Compounds edit

Etymology 3 edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“treacherous; crafty; deceitful; to tempt; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of ).

Japanese edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Kanji edit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings edit

Compounds edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term
かたな
Grade: 2
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
(uncommon)

From Old Japanese. First cited to the Nihon Shoki of 720 CE.[1] From Proto-Japonic *katana.

Compound of (kata, one side) + (na, edge).[2][3][4] This na element is spelled in monolingual Japanese sources as (edge, blade), but there is no historical attestation for any na reading for this character. A comparison with Middle Korean ᄂᆞᆶ〮 (nólh, blade) and modern Korean (nal) suggests a Koreanic origin for this latter element.[5]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(かたな) (katana

  1. [from 720] (weaponry) a single-edged sword, such as a katana
    Coordinate terms: (tsurugi, double-edged sword), 脇差 (wakizashi, traditional Japanese shortsword), 短刀 (tantō, traditional Japanese knife or dagger), 大小 (daishō, “big and small”: the katana and wakizashi as a set)
    • 1999 September 23, “(よろい)()(しゃ)ゾンビ”, in Vol.5, Konami:
      (おん)(ねん)により(よみがえ)った()(しゃ)(やみ)(くも)にふりまわすカタナ(ちゅう)()
      Onnen ni yori yomigaetta musha. Yamikumo ni furimawasu katana ni chūi.
      A musha reanimated by deep hatred. Watch out when he brandishes his katana.
  2. [from 934] a small single-edged blade
    Synonym: 切れ物 (kiremono)
Derived terms edit
Idioms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
とう
Grade: 2
kan’on

/tau//tɔː//toː/

Ultimately from Middle Chinese (MC taw). Compare modern Mandarin (dāo).

First cited as an independent noun to a text from 1895.[2] Cited in compounds since at least the 800s CE.[2]

Pronunciation edit

Affix edit

(とう) (たう (tau)?

  1. [from 800s] sword, knife, blade

Noun edit

(とう) (たう (tau)?

  1. [from 1908] a sword, a katana
    Synonyms: (katana), 刀剣 (tōken)
  2. [from 1895] a scalpel, such as that used by a surgeon
    Synonym: メス (mesu)
  3. [from 1913] a kind of bronze or copper money in ancient China, shaped a bit like a sword
    Synonyms: 刀銭 (tōsen), 刀泉 (tōsen)
Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ ”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  5. ^ Vovin, Alexander (2020) A Descriptive and Comparative Grammar of Western Old Japanese: Revised, Updated and Enlarged Second Edition, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 66
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Chinese (MC taw).

Historical Readings
Dongguk Jeongun Reading
Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 도ᇢ (Yale: twòw)
Middle Korean
Text Eumhun
Gloss (hun) Reading
Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[3] 갈〮 (Yale: kál) (Yale: twò)

Pronunciation edit

Hanja edit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (kal do))

  1. Hanja form? of (sword; knife). [affix]

Compounds edit

References edit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [4]

Old Korean edit

Particle edit

(*-two)

  1. as well; too; either, or (negative) neither, nor

Descendants edit

  • Middle Korean: 도〮 (-twó)
    • Korean: (-do)

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: đao, dao, đeo

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References edit