U+5200, 刀
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5200

[U+51FF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5201]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Alternative formsEdit

  • (when used as a right Radical)

Han characterEdit

(radical 18 +0, 2 strokes, cangjie input 尸竹 (SH), four-corner 17220)

  1. Kangxi radical #18, (knife).

DescendantsEdit

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 135, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1845
  • Dae Jaweon: page 304, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 319, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5200

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*taːw
*taːw
*taːw
*taːw
*taːw, *moːɡ
*tuːw, *l̥ʰaːw
*taːwʔ, *taːws
*taːws
*taːws, *rtaːwɢ
*deːw
*rteːw, *teːw
*hreːw
*sdew, *tjewʔ
*tʰew
*tʰew, *tʰjew
*tʰew
*dews, *djews
*tjew
*tjew
*tjew
*tjewʔ
*tjews
*tjews
*tjews
*tʰjew, *tʰjewʔ
*tʰjewʔ
*djew
*djew, *djewʔ
*djew, *lew
*djew
*djew
*djewʔ
*djewʔ
*djewʔ
*djews
*djews
*djews
*teːw
*teːw, *deːw
*teːw
*teːw
*deːw
*deːw
*deːw
*deːw

Pictogram (象形)

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tɑu⁵⁵/
Harbin /tau⁴⁴/
Tianjin /tɑu²¹/
Jinan /tɔ²¹³/
Qingdao /tɔ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /tau²⁴/
Xi'an /tau²¹/
Xining /tɔ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /tɔ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /tɔ³¹/
Ürümqi /tɔ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /tau⁵⁵/
Chengdu /tau⁵⁵/
Guiyang /tao⁵⁵/
Kunming /tɔ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /tɔo³¹/
Hefei /tɔ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /tau¹¹/
Pingyao /tɔ¹³/
Hohhot /tɔ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /tɔ⁵³/
Suzhou /tæ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /tɔ³³/
Wenzhou /tɜ³³/
Hui Shexian /tɔ³¹/
Tunxi /tə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /tau³³/
Xiangtan /taɯ³³/
Gan Nanchang /tɑu⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /tau⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /to²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tou⁵³/
Nanning /tu⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /tou⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /to⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /to⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tau⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /to³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdo²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tɑu/
Pan
Wuyun
/tɑu/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɑu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/taw/
Li
Rong
/tɑu/
Wang
Li
/tɑu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tɑu/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dāo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dāo
Middle
Chinese
‹ taw ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.tˤaw/
English knife

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2108
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*taːw/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. knife; blade   (Classifier: m c)
  2. single-edged sword; cutlass
  3. (slang) dollar (loanword)
  4. Classifier for sets of one hundred sheets of paper.

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():

Non-Sino-Xenic:


JapaneseEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
かたな
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Compound of (kata, one side) +‎ (na, edge).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana かたな, romaji katana)

  1. (weaponry) a single-edged sword
  2. (weaponry) more specifically, a katana
  3. a small single-edged blade
SynonymsEdit
  • (small blade): 切れ物 (きれもの, ​kiremono)
Coordinate termsEdit
  • 脇差 (わきざし, ​wakizashi) traditional Japanese shortsword (30cm to 60cm)
  • 短刀 (たんとう, ​tantō) traditional Japanese knife or dagger (30cm and shorter)
  • 大小 (だいしょう, ​daishō): “big and small”: the katana and wakizashi as a set
Related termsEdit
  • (sword, two-edged): (つるぎ, ​tsurugi)
Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
とう
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (taw). Compare modern Mandarin (dāo).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana とう, romaji , historical hiragana たう)

  1. a sword, a katana
  2. a scalpel, such as that used by a surgeon
  3. a kind of bronze or copper money in ancient China, shaped a bit like a sword
SynonymsEdit
  • (sword in general): 刀剣 (とうけん, ​tōken)
  • (scalpel): メス (​mesu)
  • (Chinese money): 刀銭, 刀泉 (とうせん, ​tōsen)
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(do)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: do, McCune-Reischauer: to)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đao, dao, đeo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit