JapaneseEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
太刀 (tachi): rear view of a samurai with a tachi slung from his waist.
Kanji in this term
たち
Grade: 2 Grade: 2
jukujikun
Alternative spellings
大刀
𫥲

EtymologyEdit

/tati//tat͡ɕi/

From Old Japanese. Appears in the Nihon Shoki of 720 C.E..[1]

Derived from 断ち (tachi), the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 断つ (tatsu, to sever).[1][2][3][4]

The kanji spelling is a shift from the original Chinese 大刀 (literally great blade), indicating straight swords before the Heian peiod, and later indicating curved swords.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

太刀(たち) (tachi

  1. a type of longsword (as opposed to the shorter katana)
    • 720, Nihon Shoki, (poem 20):
      椰句毛多菟(やくもたつ)伊頭毛多鶏流餓(いづもたけるが)波鶏流(はける)多知(たち)菟頭邏佐波磨枳(つづらさはまき)佐微那辞珥(さみなしに)阿波礼(あはれ) [Man'yōgana]
      ()(くも)()出雲(いづも)たけるが()ける太刀(たち)黒葛(つづら)(さは)()きさ()なしにあはれ [Modern spelling]
      ya kumo tatsu Izumo-takeru ga hakeru tachi tsuzura sawamaki saminashi ni aware
      (please add an English translation of this example)
  2. a sword positioned with the blade facing down when worn (as opposed to the katana, which is worn with the blade facing upward)

Derived termsEdit

ProverbsEdit

See alsoEdit

Proper nounEdit

太刀(たち) (Tachi

  1. a surname

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN