JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
(ateji)
は(す) > わ(す)
Grade: 2
(ateji)
on’yomi kun’yomi
Alternative spelling 十二月

/sipasu//ɕifasu//ɕiwasu/

Shift from shihasu, ancient sipasu (see below).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

師走(しわす) (shiwasu (historical kana しはす)

  1. (archaic) the twelfth month of the lunar calendar
    • c. 859-985, Kagura Uta, Kodai Kayōshū, page 337:
      本 乎美名古乃左衣八 末 志毛月志波須乃 加伊古本千[3]
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    Synonyms: 限りの月 (kagiri no tsuki), 極まり月 (kiwamarizuki), 極月 (gokugetsu), 果ての月 (hate no tsuki), 臘月 (rōgetsu)
  2. (poetic) the month of preparation for the new year: December
Derived termsEdit
ProverbsEdit

Proper nounEdit

師走(しわす) (Shiwasu (historical kana しはす)

  1. a female given name

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
(ateji)
は(す)
Grade: 2
(ateji)
on’yomi kun’yomi

/sipasu//ɕifasu//ɕihasu/

From Old Japanese of unknown derivation. Notable theories include:

First appears in the Nihon Shoki of 720 CE.[6].

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

師走(しはす) (shihasu

  1. Synonym of 師走 (shiwasu)

Coordinate termsEdit

See alsoEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ The expected form would be *しはせ (sipase) or *しはし (sipasi), which are not attested. This explanation is already prevalent in the Heian period, appearing in the Iroha Jiruishō of the 1100s.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ Tsuchihashi, Yutaka; Jin'ichi Konishi, Ichinosuke Takagi (1957) Kodai Kayōshū, Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 師走”, in 日本大百科全書:ニッポニカ (Nippon Dai Hyakka Zensho: Nipponica, Encyclopedia Nipponica)[1] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 1984
  5. 5.0 5.1 Entry in Gogen-Allguide (in Japanese)
  6. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan