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U+5E2B, 師
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5E2B

[U+5E2A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5E2C]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 50 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹口一中月 (HRMLB), four-corner 21727, composition𠂤)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 331, character 35
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8916
  • Dae Jaweon: page 637, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 740, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5E2B

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sreːl, *srel, *sri
*sri
*sri
*sri
*sri
*sri

Ideogrammic compound (會意): 𠂤 (mound, hill) +  – ancient troops were usually stationed at a hill.

Each of the two components can be used as on their own in preclassical scripts. The significance of is debated.

EtymologyEdit

Starostin derives this word from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *rij (many), cognate with (OC *kriːj, “all”), (OC *kriːj, “together with”), as well as Tibetan ཁྲི (khri, ten thousand) and Burmese ရဲ (rai:, police).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • să - vernacular (“to be expert in; expert; term of address for experts”);
  • sṳ̆ - literary.
Note:
  • sai - vernacular;
  • su/sir - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (21)
Final () (17)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃˠiɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃᵚi/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃiɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂji/
Li
Rong
/ʃji/
Wang
Li
/ʃi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shī
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shī shī
Middle
Chinese
‹ srij › ‹ srij ›
Old
Chinese
/*srij/ /*srij/
English army master

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11433
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sri/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (historical, military) division of 2500 soldiers
  2. (military) division; a large body of troops composing part of an army
  3. army; troops; armed force
  4. to dispatch troops; to send troops
  5. the masses; populace; general public
  6. (historical) A level of administrative division comprising ten major cities.
  7. capital city; metropolis
  8. strategist; military adviser
  9. leader; chief; commander; head; captain
  10. teacher; instructor
  11. master; expert; specialist
  12. (Min Dong) to be an expert in; adept at; capable
  13. (Min Dong) Respectful term of address for an expert in a trade or profession.
  14. (religion) Respectful title for monks, nuns and Taoist priests.
  15. (historical) musician
  16. model; example; fine example
  17. to follow; to imitate; to follow the example of
  18. Army” (): the seventh hexagram of the I Ching
  19. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. teacher, master, one's mentor
  2. religious leader

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana もろ, rōmaji Moro)

  1. A surname​.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa, Yale sa)

  1. teacher, master, one's mentor

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

()

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.