Japanese edit

Kanji in this term
うら
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Previously declined as an upper bigrade verb, but then became quadrigrade by the Edo period, where it would also rarely conjugate as a monograde verb.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ɯ̟ᵝɾa̠mɯ̟ᵝ]
  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "恨む"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
恨む [ùráꜜmù]
Imperative (命令形) 恨め [ùráꜜmè]
Key constructions
Passive 恨まれる らまれ [ùrámáréꜜrù]
Causative 恨ませる らませ [ùrámáséꜜrù]
Potential 恨める らめ [ùráméꜜrù]
Volitional 恨もう らも [ùrámóꜜò]
Negative 恨まない らまない [ùrámáꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 恨まなかった らまなかった [ùrámáꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 恨みます らみま [ùrámímáꜜsù]
Perfective 恨んだ んだ [ùráꜜǹdà]
Conjunctive 恨んで んで [ùráꜜǹdè]
Hypothetical conditional 恨めば めば [ùráꜜmèbà]

Verb edit

(うら) (uramutransitive godan (stem (うら) (urami), past (うら)んだ (uranda))

  1. hold a grudge, resent

Conjugation edit