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U+6209, 戉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6209

[U+6208]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+620A]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 62, +1, 5 strokes, cangjie input 戈女 (IV), four-corner 53700)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 411, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11531
  • Dae Jaweon: page 752, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1397, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+6209

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰʷaːd, *kʰʷad, *ɢʷad
*qʰʷaːd
*ɢʷaːd, *ɢʷad
*kʰʷad
*ɢʷad
*ɢʷad
*ɢʷad
*qʰʷrɯd

Pictogram (象形).

EtymologyEdit

Possibly an Austronesian loan, since this kind of axe has been discovered in archaeological sites in areas where Austronesian languages were once spoken; compare Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *wasay (axe) (Mahdi, 1994; Schuessler, 2007). Also compare Proto-Mon-Khmer *wac (knife; sword), Old Mon rwas (weapon) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (68)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦʉɐt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷiɐt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuɐt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuat̚/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuɐt̚/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭwɐt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯wɐt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yuè
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yuè
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjwot ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷat/
English a kind of axe

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16334
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷad/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (historical) a type of battle axe used in ancient China

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

  • On (unclassified): えつ (etsu)
  • Kun: まさかり (masakari)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 도끼 (dokki wol))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: việt

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit