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U+6708, 月
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6708

[U+6707]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6709]
Emoji u1f237.svg
🈷 U+1F237, 🈷
SQUARED CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6708
🈶
[U+1F236]
Enclosed Ideographic Supplement 🈸
[U+1F238]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 74, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 月 (B), four-corner 77220, composition𠄠)

  1. Kangxi radical #74, .

Usage notesEdit

Do not confuse with , a form of (flesh, meat) when used as the left-hand radical of a character. is used for parts of the body such as (back) or (liver). These may be written identically as , but in careful use they are distinguished, with the inside of being written with unattached diagonal strokes. This is particularly an issue in looking up characters by radical; compare the 月 index and 肉 index.

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 504, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14330
  • Dae Jaweon: page 879, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2041, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6708

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋroːd, *ŋod, *ŋuːd
*ŋoːd, *ŋod
*ŋod
*ŋod
*ŋod
*ŋod
*ŋod
*ɢod

Pictogram (象形) – pictographic representation of a crescent moon.

Etymology 1Edit

Unknown. Unger (1992) proposes as cognates Tibetan ངོ (ngo, waxing and waning moon; half moon) (e.g. མར་ངོ (mar ngo, waning moon) and ཡར་ངོ (yar ngo, waxing moon)). Also compare Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-ŋow (white; light colour).

Matisoff sets up Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-ŋʷ(j)a-t (moon; star) for this, whence also Magar [script needed] (gya hot, moon).

Thai งวด (ngûuat, occasion; time; period) may be a Chinese loan (Manomaivibool, 1975).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • ngut5 - month;
  • ngut5-4 - moon.
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • ge̍h/ge̍rh/goe̍h/gōe/gēr - vernacular;
    • goa̍t - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /yɛ⁵¹/
    Harbin /yɛ⁵³/
    Tianjin /ye⁵³/
    Jinan /yə²¹/
    Qingdao /yə⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /yɛ²⁴/
    Xi'an /yɛ²¹/
    Xining /yu⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ye¹³/
    Lanzhou /yə¹³/
    Ürümqi /yɤ²¹³/
    Wuhan /ye²¹³/
    Chengdu /ye³¹/
    Guiyang /ie²¹/
    Kunming /iɛ³¹/
    Nanjing /yeʔ⁵/
    Hefei /yɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /yəʔ²/
    Pingyao /yʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /yaʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦioʔ¹/
    /ȵioʔ¹/
    /ɦyɪʔ¹/
    /ȵyɪʔ¹/
    Suzhou /ŋəʔ³/
    Hangzhou /ɦyəʔ²/
    Wenzhou /ȵy²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /ue²²/
    Tunxi /ȵyɛ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ye²⁴/
    Xiangtan /yæ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /ȵyɵʔ²/ ~光
    /ȵyɵʔ⁵/ 一個~
    Hakka Meixian /ŋiat̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /ŋiet̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jyt̚²/
    Nanning /yt̚²²/
    Hong Kong /jyt̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /guat̚⁵/
    /geʔ⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋuoʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋyɛ⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /gueʔ⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /zuak̚⁵/
    /vue³³/
    /kɔu²¹³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (68)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋʉɐt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋʷiɐt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋiuɐt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋuat̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋiuɐt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋĭwɐt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋi̯wɐt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yuè
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yuè
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ngjwot ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ŋ]ʷat/
    English moon, month

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16319
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋod/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (literary or dialectal) moon (Classifier: m)
    2. moon-shaped objects
    3. moonlight
    4. month (Classifier: )
    5. monthly
    6. Classifier for months.
    7. A surname​.

    SynonymsEdit

    • (moon):
    Dialectal synonyms of 月亮 (“moon”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 月亮月球 astronomy
    Mandarin Beijing 月亮
    Taiwan 月亮
    Harbin 月亮
    Shenyang 月亮
    Hailar 月亮
    Ulan Hot 月亮
    Tongliao 月亮
    Chifeng 月亮
    Bayanhot 月亮
    Jinan 月亮
    Muping 月亮兒
    Luoyang 月亮月奶奶
    Jiedian 月爺
    Ronghe 月明
    Xi'an 月亮月亮爺
    Qingdao 月亮
    Zhengzhou 月明
    Xining 月亮
    Xuzhou 月老娘
    Yinchuan 月亮
    Lanzhou 月亮
    Ürümqi 月亮
    Wuhan 月亮
    Chengdu 月亮
    Guiyang 月亮
    Guilin 月亮
    Liuzhou 月亮
    Kunming 月亮
    Yangzhou 涼月子
    Nanjing 月亮
    Hefei 月亮
    Nantong 涼月兒
    Malaysia 月亮
    Singapore 月亮
    Cantonese Guangzhou 月光月亮
    Hong Kong 月亮月光
    Shunde 月光
    Foshan 月光
    Zhongshan 月光
    Dongguan 月光
    Hong Kong (Weitou)
    Taishan 月光
    Doumen 月光
    Kaiping 婆梳
    Shaoguan 月光
    Yunfu 月光
    Yangjiang 月亮
    Xinyi 月光月靚
    Lianjiang 月光
    Nanning 月光
    Wuzhou 月光
    Yulin 月亮
    Hepu 月亮
    Danzhou 月亮
    Kuala Lumpur 月光
    Gan Nanchang 月光
    Lichuan
    Pingxiang 月光月皛 suburban
    Hakka Meixian 月光
    Xingning 月光
    Huidong 月光
    Qujiang 月光
    Xiaosanjiang 月光
    Luchuan 月光
    Changting 月光
    Pingyu 月光
    Wuping 月光
    Liancheng 月光
    Ninghua 月光
    Yudu 月亮
    Ruijin 月光
    Shicheng 月光
    Shangyou 月涼
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 月光月華
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 月光月華
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 月光月華
    Dongshi (Dabu) 月光月華
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 月光月華
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 月光月娘
    Hong Kong 月光
    Sabah 月光
    Senai 月光
    Singkawang 月光
    Huizhou Shexian 月亮
    Tunxi 月光
    Jixi 月亮
    Jin Taiyuan 月明月明爺月亮月亮爺
    Pingyao 月明爺
    Xinzhou 月明月爺爺
    Baochang 月亮
    Jining 月亮
    Hohhot 月亮
    Baotou 月亮
    Dongsheng 月兒
    Linhe 月兒
    Haibowan 月兒
    Min Bei Jian'ou 月二奶
    Dikou 月南姊
    Songxi 月奶
    Zhenghe 月奶
    Zhenqian 月奶
    Jianyang
    Wuyishan 月光
    Shibei 月奶
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Changle
    Fuqing 月光
    Yongtai
    Gutian
    Fu'an
    Ningde
    Shouning
    Zhouning
    Fuding
    Matsu
    Min Nan Xiamen 月娘
    Quanzhou 月娘
    Zhangzhou 月娘月公公
    Taipei 月娘
    Kaohsiung 月娘
    Tainan 月娘
    Taichung 月娘
    Wuqi 月娘
    Hsinchu 月娘
    Taitung 月娘
    Lukang 月娘
    Sanxia 月娘
    Yilan 月亮月娘
    Kinmen 月娘
    Magong 月娘
    Penang 月娘
    Singapore 月娘
    Philippines (Manila) 月娘
    Pingnan 月光
    Chaozhou 月娘
    Shantou 月娘
    Haifeng 月姑
    Johor Bahru 月娘
    Wenchang 月娘
    Haikou 月娘
    Leizhou 月嬭月娘
    Puxian Min Putian 月娘
    Xianyou 月公
    Pinghua Nanning 月亮
    Guilin 月光
    Wu Shanghai 月亮
    Suzhou 月亮亮月 suburbs near Wuxi
    Hangzhou 月亮
    Wenzhou 月光月光佛
    Chongming 月亮
    Danyang 亮月月亮
    Jinhua 月亮
    Ningbo 月亮
    Xiang Changsha 月亮
    Shuangfeng 月光
    Xiangtan 月光
    Loudi 月光
    Quanzhou 月亮

    CompoundsEdit

    See alsoEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“meat; flesh; body; etc.”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. moon
    2. a month (on the lunar calendar)
    3. menstruation
    4. abbreviation for 月曜日 (Monday)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    See alsoEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    つく
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Only found in older compounds. Appears to be the older form.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana つく, rōmaji tsuku)

    1. the moon
    Usage notesEdit

    Not productive in modern Japanese. Not found in isolation.

    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    つき
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    /tuki2/ invalid IPA characters (2) → */tukwi/ → */t͡sukwi//t͡suki/

    From Old Japanese. Likely a shift from tsuku above, derived through a fusion with ancient Japanese emphatic nominal particle (i). Compare the development of (kami) from older combining form kamu.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana つき, rōmaji tsuki)

    1. the moon
       () (ほん)では (つき)にうさぎが ()んでいるというお (はなし)があります。
      Nihon de wa tsuki ni usagi ga sunde iru to iu o-hanashi ga arimasu.
      In Japan, there is a fairy-tale that rabbits live on the moon.
       (つき) () (きゅう)唯一 (ゆいいつ) (えい) (せい)です。
      Tsuki wa chikyū no yuiitsu no eisei desu.
      The moon is the one and only satellite of the Earth.
    2. the lunar cycle, a month
       (つき) (いち) () (りょ) (こう) ()かけます。
      Tsuki ni ichido, ryokō ni dekakemasu.
      I go for a trip once a month.
    3. (tarot): the Moon, the eighteenth trump or major arcana card in most traditional Tarot decks
    SynonymsEdit
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    がつ
    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    /ɡwatu//ɡat͡su/

    From Middle Chinese (MC ŋʉɐt̚).

    PronunciationEdit

    SuffixEdit

    (hiragana がつ, rōmaji -gatsu, historical hiragana ぐわつ)

    1. month of the year
    Usage notesEdit

    When used in most compounds or when counting a number of months with (ka), 月 is pronounced げつ (getsu). When used in compounds for modern months of the year, it is pronounced がつ (gatsu). When used for poetic or lunar months, it is pronounced つき (tsuki).

    Etymology 4Edit

    Kanji in this term
    げつ
    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    /ɡwetu//ɡet͡su/

    From Middle Chinese (MC ŋʉɐt̚). The kan'on, so likely a later borrowing. Compare modern Hakka reading ngie̍t, Min Nan ge̍h.

    PronunciationEdit

    CounterEdit

    (hiragana げつ, rōmaji -getsu)

    1. a month as a duration of time

    NounEdit

    (hiragana げつ, rōmaji getsu, historical hiragana ぐゑつ)

    1. a month
    Usage notesEdit

    When used in most compounds or when counting a number of months with (ka), 月 is pronounced げつ (getsu). When used in compounds for modern months of the year, it is pronounced がつ (gatsu). When used for poetic or lunar months, it is pronounced つき (tsuki).

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    • New Nelson: 2530
    • Halpern: 2956
    • Halpern Learners: 1876
    • Heisig: 13
    • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 4b0.1
    1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun (dal wol))

    1. month
    2. moon

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (nguyệt)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.