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U+8D8A, 越
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8D8A

[U+8D89]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8D8B]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 156 +5, 12 strokes, cangjie input 土人戈女 (GOIV), four-corner 43805, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1216, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 37110
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1686, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3480, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+8D8A

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰʷaːd, *kʰʷad, *ɢʷad
*qʰʷaːd
*ɢʷaːd, *ɢʷad
*kʰʷad
*ɢʷad
*ɢʷad
*ɢʷad
*qʰʷrɯd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢʷaːd, *ɢʷad): semantic  (to walk or run) + phonetic  (OC *ɢʷad) — to go over; to cross.

EtymologyEdit

 
or : large battle-axe used as a symbol of authority in ancient China.
“to go over; to surpass; to overstep; to turn”
Related to 𨒋 (“to go over”), (“to go beyond; to transgress”) (Wang, 1982) and perhaps (OC *ɢʷa, “to go”) (Schuessler, 2007).
“modal particle”
Related to (OC *ɢʷad), (OC *ɢʷa) and (OC *ɢʷad) (Wang, 1982).
“Yue; Viet; State of Yue”
Related to (OC *ɢʷad, “Yue; Cantonese”).
This is a general name for numerous indigenous tribes in ancient southern China, which are collectively called Baiyue. The ancient State of Yue during the Zhou dynasty of China was initially written as (OC *ɢʷad, “large battle-axe”) — alternatively written as 𫑛 — and it is commonly believed the name Yue originates from this instrument, which was widely found in neolithic cultures of southeastern China and served as a symbol of authority and royalty.
See (OC *ɢʷad) for more on the etymology.

Pronunciation 1Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /yɛ⁵¹/
Harbin /yɛ⁵³/
Tianjin /ye⁵³/
Jinan /yə²¹/
Qingdao /yə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ye²⁴/
Xi'an /yɛ²¹/
Xining /yu⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ye¹³/
Lanzhou /yə¹³/
Ürümqi /yɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /ye²¹³/
Chengdu /ye³¹/
Guiyang /ie²¹/
Kunming /iɛ³¹/
Nanjing /yeʔ⁵/
Hefei /yɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /yəʔ²/
Pingyao /yʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /yaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦioʔ¹/
/ɦyɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /ɦyəʔ³/
Hangzhou /ɦyəʔ²/
Wenzhou /jy²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ue²²/
Tunxi /yɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ye²⁴/
Xiangtan /yæ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /yɵʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /iat̚⁵/
Taoyuan /ʒet̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jyt̚²/
Nanning /yt̚²²/
Hong Kong /jyt̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /uat̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uoʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /uɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /uak̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zuak̚³/ 超~
/zuak̚⁵/ ~過

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (35)
Final () (68)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦʉɐt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷiɐt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuɐt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuat̚/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuɐt̚/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭwɐt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯wɐt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yuè
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yuè
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjwot ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷat/
English pass over

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 16333
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷad/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to pass over; to cross; to cross over
  2. to go over; to climb over; to jump over
    翻山 / 翻山  ―  fānshānyuèlǐng  ―  to pass over mountains and ridges
  3. (of time) to pass; to go through
  4. (figuratively) to go outside of; to exceed; to surpass; to overstep; to transgress
      ―  chāoyuè  ―  to surpass
      ―  yuèjiè  ―  to overstep a boundary
  5. to propagate; to spread; to publicise
  6. to disperse; to scatter; to fade away
  7. to fall; to relax; to become loosened
  8. to rob; to seize by force
  9. (Min Nan) to turn; to turn around
  10. more; -er
    …………  ―  yuè...... yuè......  ―  the more ..., the more ...
    …… / ……  ―  yuèláiyuè......  ―  to become increasingly ...
  11. Ancient meaningless sentence-initial modal particle.
  12. (, ) The Yue or Viet: collective name for numerous ancient non-Han tribes in southern China and northern Vietnam; Baiyue.
  13. (historical) (~國) The State of Yue: ancient state during the Spring and Autumn and Warring States periods of Chinese history, in the modern provinces of Zhejiang, Shanghai, and Jiangsu.
  14. General name for the region of southern China, especially the Guangxi and Guangdong provinces.
  15. Name for the Zhejiang province of China, especially the eastern parts of the province or areas in the vicinity of Shaoxing city.
  16. Short for 越南 (“Vietnam”).
  17. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (33)
Final () (64)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦuɑt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷɑt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuɑt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwat̚/
Li
Rong
/ɣuɑt̚/
Wang
Li
/ɣuɑt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣuɑt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huó
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 16330
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷaːd/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (music) small hole at the bottom of a se, a traditional Chinese musical instrument
  2. to bore a hole; to drill a hole

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(wol, hwal)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): , (revised: wol, hwal, McCune-Reischauer: wŏl, hwal, Yale: wel, hwal)
    • Name (hangeul): 넘을
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(việt, vát, vẹt, vượt, nhông, vác, vệt, vót)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit