Han character Edit
越 ( radical 156, 走+5, 12 strokes, 土人戈女 ( cangjie input GOIV), four-corner 4380, 5 ⿺ composition 走 戉)
Derived characters Edit 𠾲, 𢵼, 𣾼, 樾, 𭸩, 𦅲, 𧑅, 𫌐, 𨅿, 𨬓, 𪆧, 𪒥, 𬷲, 𪽸
References Edit KangXi:
page 1216, character 28 Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 37110
Dae Jaweon: page 1686, character 11
Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3480, character 2
Unihan data for U+8D8A
Glyph origin Edit
*qʰʷaːd, *kʰʷad, *ɢʷad
Phono-semantic compound ( , 形聲 ): semantic OC *ɢʷaːd, *ɢʷad 走 ( “ to walk or run ” ) + phonetic 戉 ( OC *ɢʷad ) — to go over; to cross.
: large battle-axe used as a symbol of authority in ancient China.
“to go over; to surpass; to overstep; to turn”
Related to (“to go over”), 𨒋 (“to go beyond; to transgress”) ( 䟠 Wang, 1982) and perhaps ( 于 , “to go”) ( OC *ɢʷa Schuessler, 2007). “modal particle”
Related to ( 曰 ), OC *ɢʷad ( 于 ) and OC *ɢʷa ( 粵 ) ( OC *ɢʷad Wang, 1982). “Yue; Viet; State of Yue”
Related to ( 粵 , “Yue; Cantonese”). OC *ɢʷad This is a general name for numerous indigenous tribes in ancient southern China, which are collectively called . The ancient Baiyue State of Yue during the Zhou dynasty of China was initially written as ( 戉 , “large battle-axe”) — alternatively written as OC *ɢʷad — and it is commonly believed the name 𫑛 Yue originates from this instrument, which was widely found in neolithic cultures of southeastern China and served as a symbol of authority and royalty. See ( 戉 ) for more on the etymology. OC *ɢʷad
Pronunciation 1 Edit
pass over; to cross; to cross over to
go over; to climb over; to jump over
/ 翻山 越嶺 ― 翻山 越岭 ― to pass over mountains and ridges fānshān yuèlǐng
( of time ) to pass; to go through
( figuratively ) to go outside of; to exceed; to surpass; to overstep; to transgress
― 超 越 ― to surpass chāo yuè ― 越界 ― to overstep a boundary yuèjiè to
propagate; to spread; to publicise to
disperse; to scatter; to fade away to
fall; to relax; to become loosened to
rob; to seize by force
( Min Nan ) to turn; to turn around
― 越…… 越…… ― the more ..., the more ... yuè...... yuè...... / 越 來…… 越 ― 越 来…… 越 ― to become increasingly ... yuèlái yuè......
Ancient meaningless sentence- initial modal particle.
( ～ 人 , ～ 族 ) The Yue or Viet: ; collective name for numerous ancient non- Han tribes in southern China and northern Vietnam . Baiyue
( historical ) ( ～國 ) The State of Yue: . ancient state during the Spring and Autumn and Warring States periods of Chinese history, in the modern provinces of Zhejiang, Shanghai, and Jiangsu
General name for the region of southern China, especially the Guangxi and Guangdong provinces.
Name for the Zhejiang province of China, especially the eastern parts of the province or areas in the vicinity of Shaoxing city.
Short for (“ 越南 Vietnam”). A surname.
／ 愈發 ( 愈发 ) yùfā
( 愈益 ) yùyì
( 更 ) gèng
( 更加 ) gèngjiā
／ 更見 ( 更见 Sichuan) ( 益 ) ( yì literary)
／ 益發 ( 益发 ) yìfā
( 罔 ) ( wǎng Min Dong)
( 越加 ) yuèjiā
／ 越發 ( 越发 ) yuèfā
( 重 ) ( zhòng Cantonese) ／ 閣較 ( 阁较 Min Nan)
Pronunciation 2 Edit
† ( music ) small hole at the bottom of a , a traditional Chinese se musical instrument to † bore a hole; to drill a hole
common “Jōyō” kanji
This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text
: Go-on えち ( echi ) ←; ゑち ( weti, historical ) おち ( ochi ) ←; をち ( woti, historical ) がち ( gachi ) ← ぐわち ( gwati, historical )
: Kan-on えつ ( etsu, Jōyō ) ←; ゑつ ( wetu, historical ) かつ ( katsu ) ← くわつ ( kwatu, historical ) : Kun こえる ( , koeru , 越える Jōyō ) ←; こえる ( , koeru historical ) こす ( , kosu , 越す Jōyō ) ← こす ( , kosu historical )
Middle Chinese ( 越 ).
MC ɦʉɐt̚, ɦuɑt̚
越 ( えつ ) • ( ) etsu ← ゑつ ( wetu ) ?
pass over; cross over; go over
pass; go through (of time) exceed; surpass; transgress (limit, extent)
Proper noun Edit
越 ( えつ ) • ( ) Etsu ← ゑつ ( wetu ) ?
( historical ) the Yue people to the south of ancient China Abbreviation of . 越南 ( Betonamu, “ Vietnam ” )
Etymology 1 Edit
Middle Chinese ( 越 ).
越 ( eumhun 넘을 월 ( neomeul wol ))
Hanja form of ? 월 ( “ pass over ” ).
( 초월 , 超越 chowol, “ transcendency”)
( 탁월 , 卓越 tagwol, “ excellence, superiority”)
( 추월 , 追越 chuwol, “ passing; overtake”)
( 월등 , 越等 woldeung, “ extraordinarily”)
( 월남 , 越南 Wollam, “ Vietnam”)
( 우월 , 優越 uwol, “ superiority”)
( 수월 , 秀越 suwol, “ excellence”)
( 이월 , 移越 iwol, “ transfer”)
( 월경 , 越境 wolgyeong, “ crossing of the border”)
( 월척 , 越尺 wolcheok, “ big fish”)
( 월권 , 越權 wolgwon, “ ultra vires”) ( 월차 , 越次 wolcha, “ skipping a turn”)
Etymology 2 Edit
Middle Chinese ( 越 ).
越 ( eumhun 부들자리 활 ( budeuljari hwal ))
( literary Chinese ) Hanja form of ? 활 ( “ small hole at the bottom of a , a traditional Chinese se musical instrument ” ).
References Edit 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전／電子字典.  Vietnamese Edit
越: readings: Hán Việt việt    越: readings: Nôm vượt    ,  việt   ,  vớt  ,  vẹt  ,  vát  ,  vịt ,  vọt ,  vợt ,  nhông ,  vác ,  vót ,  vệt 
Hán tự form of Việt ( “ short for Việt Nam ” ). Nôm form of vượt ( “ to exceed; to cross over ” ).