越 (Kangxi radical 156, 走+5, 12 strokes, cangjie input 土人戈女 (GOIV), four-corner 43805, composition ⿺走戉)
- KangXi: page 1216, character 28
- Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 37110
- Dae Jaweon: page 1686, character 11
- Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3480, character 2
- Unihan data for U+8D8A
|simp. and trad.
|2nd round simp.||迌|
Characters in the same phonetic series (戉) (Zhengzhang, 2003)
Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢʷaːd, *ɢʷad): semantic 走 (“to walk or run”) + phonetic 戉 (OC *ɢʷad) — to go over; to cross.
- “to go over; to surpass; to overstep; to turn”
- From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *grwat (“to travel; to go through”).
- Related to 𨒋 (“to go over”), 䟠 (“to go beyond; to transgress”) (Wang, 1982) and perhaps 于 (OC *ɢʷa, “to go”) (Schuessler, 2007).
- “modal particle”
- Related to 曰 (OC *ɢʷad), 于 (OC *ɢʷa) and 粵 (OC *ɢʷad) (Wang, 1982).
- “Yue; Viet; State of Yue”
- Related to 粵 (OC *ɢʷad, “Yue; Cantonese”).
- This is a general name for numerous indigenous tribes in ancient southern China, which are collectively called Baiyue. The ancient State of Yue during the Zhou dynasty of China was initially written as 戉 (OC *ɢʷad, “large battle-axe”) — alternatively written as 𫑛 — and it is commonly believed the name Yue originates from this instrument, which was widely found in neolithic cultures of southeastern China and served as a symbol of authority and royalty.
- See 戉 (OC *ɢʷad) for more on the etymology.
- to pass over; to cross; to cross over
- to go over; to climb over; to jump over
- (of time) to pass; to go through
- (figurative) to go outside of; to exceed; to surpass; to overstep; to transgress
- to propagate; to spread; to publicise
- to disperse; to scatter; to fade away
- to fall; to relax; to become loosened
- (literary) to rob; to seize by force
- (Min Nan) to turn; to turn around
- 越頭／越头 [Hokkien] ― oa̍t-thâu [Pe̍h-ōe-jī] ― to turn one's head
- more; -er
- Ancient meaningless sentence-initial modal particle.
- (～人, ～族) The Yue or Viet: collective name for numerous ancient non-Han tribes in southern China and northern Vietnam; Baiyue.
- (historical) (～國) The State of Yue: ancient state during the Spring and Autumn and Warring States periods of Chinese history, in the modern provinces of Zhejiang, Shanghai, and Jiangsu.
- General name for the region of southern China, especially the Guangxi and Guangdong provinces.
- Name for the Zhejiang province of China, especially the eastern parts of the province or areas in the vicinity of Shaoxing city.
- Short for 越南 (“Vietnam”).
- a surname
Synonyms of 越
Derived terms from 越
- † (music) small hole at the bottom of a se, a traditional Chinese musical instrument
- † to bore a hole; to drill a hole
- “越”, in 漢語多功能字庫 (Multi-function Chinese Character Database), 香港中文大學 (the Chinese University of Hong Kong), 2014–
- “Entry #9071”, in 臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典 [Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan] (in Chinese and Min Nan), Ministry of Education, R.O.C., 2011.
- This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text
- Go-on: えち (echi)←ゑち (weti, historical); おち (ochi)←をち (woti, historical); がち (gachi)←ぐわち (gwati, historical)
- Kan-on: えつ (etsu, Jōyō)←ゑつ (wetu, historical); かつ (katsu)←くわつ (kwatu, historical)
- Kun: こえる (koeru, 越える, Jōyō)←こえる (koeru, 越える, historical); こす (kosu, 越す, Jōyō)←こす (kosu, 越す, historical)
|Kanji in this term|
From Middle Chinese 越 (MC ɦʉɐt̚, ɦuɑt̚).
- pass over; cross over; go over
- pass; go through (of time)
- exceed; surpass; transgress (limit, extent)
- (historical) the Yue people to the south of ancient China
- Abbreviation of 越南 (Etsunan, “Vietnam”).
From Middle Chinese 越 (MC ɦʉɐt̚).
- 초월 (超越, chowol, “transcendency”)
- 탁월 (卓越, tagwol, “excellence, superiority”)
- 추월 (追越, chuwol, “passing; overtake”)
- 월등 (越等, woldeung, “extraordinarily”)
- 월남 (越南, ^wollam, “Vietnam”)
- 우월 (優越, uwol, “superiority”)
- 수월 (秀越, suwol, “excellence”)
- 이월 (移越, iwol, “transfer”)
- 월경 (越境, wolgyeong, “crossing of the border”)
- 월척 (越尺, wolcheok, “big fish”)
- 월권 (越權, wolgwon, “ultra vires”)
- 월차 (越次, wolcha, “skipping a turn”)
From Middle Chinese 越 (MC ɦuɑt̚).
越 (eumhun 부들자리 활 (budeuljari hwal))
- (literary Chinese) Hanja form? of 활 (“small hole at the bottom of a se, a traditional Chinese musical instrument”).
- 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전／電子字典. 
|Hán tự in this term|
越: Hán Việt readings: việt
越: Nôm readings: vượt, việt, vớt, vẹt, vát, vịt, vọt, vợt, nhông, vác, vót, vệt