Open main menu

Wiktionary β

See also:
U+4F10, 伐
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F10

[U+4F0F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F11]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Taiwanese stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人戈 (OI), four-corner 23250, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 96, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 439
  • Dae Jaweon: page 203, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 120, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+4F10

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*paːds, *bads, *bad
*paːd, *bad
*bad
*bad
*bad
*bad

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • huăk - literary;
  • puăk - vernacular (“to stride; step”).
Note:
  • hoa̍h - vernacular;
  • hoa̍t - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /fa³⁵/
Harbin /fa²⁴/
Tianjin /fɑ⁴⁵/
Jinan /fa⁴²/
Qingdao /fa⁴²/
Zhengzhou /fa⁴²/
Xi'an /fa²⁴/
Xining /fa²⁴/
Yinchuan /fa¹³/
Lanzhou /fa⁵³/
Ürümqi /fa⁵¹/
Wuhan /fa²¹³/
Chengdu /fa³¹/
Guiyang /fa²¹/
Kunming /fa̠³¹/
Nanjing /fɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /fɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /faʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /xuʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /faʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /vaʔ¹/
Suzhou /vaʔ³/
Hangzhou /vɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /ɦo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /fa²²/
Tunxi /fuːə⁵/
Xiang Changsha /fa²⁴/
Xiangtan /ɸɒ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /faʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /fat̚⁵/
Taoyuan /fɑt̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fɐt̚²/
Nanning /fat̚²²/
Hong Kong /fɐt̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huat̚⁵/
/huaʔ⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pʰuaʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xua²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huak̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fak̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (68)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bʉɐt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/bʷiɐt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/biuɐt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/buat̚/
Li
Rong
/biuɐt̚/
Wang
Li
/bĭwɐt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯wɐt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjot ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-pat/
English cut; strike; attack

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2859
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bad/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to kill; to slaughter; to behead
  2. to hack; to fell; to cut down; to hew
  3. to knock; to strike; to hit
  4. to send troops to suppress; to attack
  5. to remove; to eliminate; to take away
  6. to damage; to harm; to endanger
  7. to defeat; to thwart
  8. to criticize; to blame
  9. (Chinese astronomy) the name of three stars in the Three Stars mansion: 42 Orionis, θ2 Orionis and ι Orionis
  10. ridge soil
  11. Alternative form of (, “merit; achievement”).
  12. to brag about (oneself); to flaunt
  13. Alternative form of (, “shield”).
  14. Alternative form of (, “to punish”).
  15. (Min) to stride; to take a stride; to step forward; to step over
  16. (Min) step; footstep; stride
  17. (Min) Classifier for footsteps: step
  18. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“raft”).
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 3Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“contribution; family status; etc.”).
(This character, , is the second-round simplified and variant form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 4Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“plow soil; place name”).
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. to attack, to strike, to cut

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(beol) (hangeul , revised beol, McCune-Reischauer pŏl)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(phạt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.