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See also:
U+4F10, 伐
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F10

[U+4F0F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F11]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order (Taiwan)
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 9, +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人戈 (OI), four-corner 23250, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 96, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 439
  • Dae Jaweon: page 203, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 120, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+4F10

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*paːds, *bads, *bad
*paːd, *bad
*bad
*bad
*bad
*bad

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • huăk - literary;
  • puăk - vernacular (“to stride; step”).
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • hoa̍h - vernacular;
    • hoa̍t - literary.
    Note:
    • huag8 - Shantou;
    • huêg8 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu
  • Note: 0va - yes/no question particle.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /fa³⁵/
    Harbin /fa²⁴/
    Tianjin /fɑ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /fa⁴²/
    Qingdao /fa⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /fa⁴²/
    Xi'an /fa²⁴/
    Xining /fa²⁴/
    Yinchuan /fa¹³/
    Lanzhou /fa⁵³/
    Ürümqi /fa⁵¹/
    Wuhan /fa²¹³/
    Chengdu /fa³¹/
    Guiyang /fa²¹/
    Kunming /fa̠³¹/
    Nanjing /fɑʔ⁵/
    Hefei /fɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /faʔ⁵⁴/
    Pingyao /xuʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /faʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /vaʔ¹/
    Suzhou /vaʔ³/
    Hangzhou /vɑʔ²/
    Wenzhou /ɦo²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /fa²²/
    Tunxi /fuːə⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /fa²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ɸɒ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /faʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /fat̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /fɑt̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /fɐt̚²/
    Nanning /fat̚²²/
    Hong Kong /fɐt̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huat̚⁵/
    /huaʔ⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pʰuaʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xua²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /huak̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /fak̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (68)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /bʉɐt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /bʷiɐt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /biuɐt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /buat̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /biuɐt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /bĭwɐt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱi̯wɐt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bjot ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m-pat/
    English cut; strike; attack

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 2859
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*bad/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to kill; to slaughter; to behead
    2. to hack; to fell; to cut down; to hew
    3. to knock; to strike; to hit
    4. to send troops to suppress; to attack
    5. to remove; to eliminate; to take away
    6. to damage; to harm; to endanger
    7. to defeat; to thwart
    8. to criticize; to blame
    9. (Chinese astronomy) the name of three stars in the Three Stars mansion: 42 Orionis, θ2 Orionis and ι Orionis
    10. ridge soil
    11. Alternative form of (, “merit; achievement”).
    12. to brag about (oneself); to flaunt
    13. Alternative form of (, “shield”).
    14. Alternative form of (, “to punish”).
    15. (Min) to stride; to take a stride; to step forward; to step over
    16. (Min) step; footstep; stride
    17. (Min) Classifier for footsteps: step
    18. (Wu) Alternative form of 𠲎 (“final interrogative particle on a yes/no question”).
    19. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see 𠲎 (“final interrogative particle on a yes/no question.”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of 𠲎.)

    Etymology 3Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“raft”).
    (This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    Etymology 4Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“contribution; family status; etc.”).
    (This character, , is the second-round simplified and variant form of .)
    Notes:

    Etymology 5Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“plow soil; place name”).
    (This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. to attack, to strike, to cut

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (beol) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (phạt)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.