ChineseEdit

hair; fur; one tenth of a yuan or dollar leather; skin; fur
simp. and trad.
(毛皮)
anagram 皮毛

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

毛皮

  1. fur; pelt

Related termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
かわ > がわ
Grade: 3
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
毛革

Compound of (ke, fur, body hair) +‎ (kawa, skin, pelt).[1][2][3][4] The kawa changes to gawa as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

First cited to a work from 1690,[1] but possibly older, considering the mid-1200s appearance of Chinese-derived homograph 毛皮 (mōhi). This kegawa reading appears to have mostly superseded the mōhi reading.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

()(がわ) (kegawaけがは (kegafa)?

  1. [from 1690] fur, pelt
    毛皮(けがわ)商品(しょうひん)
    kegawa no shōhin
    fur goods
    Synonyms: (untanned hide) 粗皮 (arakawa), 毛皮 (mōhi)
  2. [???] the radical (portion of a kanji character)
Usage notesEdit

In modern usage, the kegawa reading appears to be more common than the mōhi reading, which is not included in some references.[5][3]

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
もう
Grade: 2

Grade: 3
goon kan’on

Ultimately from Middle Chinese 毛皮 (MC mɑu|mɑuH bˠiᴇ).

First cited to the 正法眼蔵 (Shōbōgenzō), a collection of works dated 1231­–53 and written by the 13th century Japanese Buddhist monk and founder of the Sōtō Zen school, Eihei Dōgen.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(もう)() (mōhiもうひ (moufi)?

  1. [from 1200s] fur, pelt
    Synonyms: (untanned hide) 粗皮 (arakawa), 毛皮 (kegawa)
Usage notesEdit

In modern usage, the kegawa reading appears to be more common than the mōhi reading, which is not included in some references.[5][3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN