See also: 𪪍
U+76AE, 皮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-76AE

[U+76AD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+76AF]
U+2F6A, ⽪
KANGXI RADICAL SKIN

[U+2F69]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F6B]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 107, +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 木竹水 (DHE), four-corner 40247, composition ⿻⿱丿)

  1. Kangxi radical #107, .

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 790, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 22823
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1205, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2753, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+76AE

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Pictogram (象形) – a hand () stripping the fur from an animal pelt (similar to ). The pelt moved to the top left and became abstracted.

Etymology edit

“skin”
According to STEDT, (OC *m-pra-j) is likely derived from root (OC *pra) – further from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *p(r/j)a (skin) – and a voicing prefix – likely *m- which is found in several OC words for body parts like (OC *m-bi[t]-s, “nose”), (OC *m-tˤaʔ, “belly”), (OC *[ɢ]ʷəʔ-s (~ *m-qʷəʔ), “right-hand”) and (OC *[m-t]ˤo, “head”) (Baxter & Sagart, 2014).
“pico-”
Borrowed from English pico-.

Pronunciation 1 edit


Note: pei4-2 - “leather” (as a single word), also used in some compounds.
Note:
  • puòi - vernacular;
  • pì - literary.
  • Southern Min
  • Note:
    • phê/phêr/phôe - vernacular;
    • pî - vernacular (limited, e.g. 五加皮, 皮皮);
    • phî - literary.
    Note:
    • puê5 - vernacular;
    • pi5 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (13)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Baxter bje
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /bˠiᴇ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /bᵚiɛ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /biɛ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /bjiə̆/
    Li
    Rong
    /bje/
    Wang
    Li
    /bǐe/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱie̯/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    pei4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bje ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m-[p](r)aj/
    English skin

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9711
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*bral/

    Definitions edit

    1. skin (Classifier: m c;  m c); peel; shell
      [Cantonese]  ―  lat1 pei4 [Jyutping]  ―  to have flaky skin; to have peeling skin
        ―  shù  ―  bark
      香蕉  ―  xiāngjiāo   ―  banana peel
    2. hide; leather
        ―  xié  ―  leather shoes
    3. wrapper; cover; skin
      餃子饺子  ―  jiǎozi   ―  jiaozi wrapper
    4. surface; top part
        ―  shuǐ  ―  water surface
    5. rubber
    6. thin sheet
        ―  tiě  ―  iron sheet
    7. outer; superficial
    8. sticky; glutinous
    9. soggy; non-crispy
    10. naughty; disobedient
    11. thick-skinned
    12. pico- (SI unit prefix)
    13. (Cantonese, colloquial) ten thousand dollars

    Compounds edit

    Pronunciation 2 edit


    Definitions edit

    1. (Cantonese) Short for 皮費皮费 (“operation expense”).

    Compounds edit

    Descendants edit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: () (bi); () (hi)
    • Korean: 피(皮) (pi)
    • Vietnamese: ()

    See also edit

    SI prefix
    Last Next
    // (fēi)

    Japanese edit

    Kanji edit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings edit

    Compounds edit

    Etymology edit

    kapa → kaɸa → kawa.

    From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *kapa.

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    (かわ) (kawaかは (kafa)?

    1. skin
      • 938, Minamoto no Shitagō, Wamyō Ruijushō, volume 2, page 33:
        皮 釋名云、皮. 音疲、加波
        Skin. The explanation says "skin; the Chinese reading is like that of (MC bje); the Japanese reading is kafa".

    Related terms edit

    References edit

    1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean edit

    Etymology edit

    From Middle Chinese (MC bje). Recorded as Middle Korean (phi) (Yale: phi) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Hanja edit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 가죽 (gajuk pi))

    1. Hanja form? of (skin).

    Compounds edit

    References edit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Vietnamese edit

    Han character edit

    : Hán Nôm readings: , bề, vừa, bầy, bìa, vào

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.