Open main menu
U+76AE, 皮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-76AE

[U+76AD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+76AF]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 107, +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 木竹水 (DHE), four-corner 40247)

  1. Kangxi radical #107, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 790, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 22823
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1205, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2753, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+76AE

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pral, *prals
*pral, *prals
*pralʔ
*pralʔ
*pralʔ, *prals
*prals
*prals, *paːlʔ
*pʰral, *pʰralʔ
*pʰral
*pʰral, *pʰrals
*pʰral
*pʰral
*pʰral
*pʰral
*pʰral, *brals
*pʰral, *pʰrals
*pʰralʔ, *paːl
*bral
*bral
*bralʔ, *brals
*brals
*brals
*mbralʔ
*paːl
*paːl, *baːl
*paːl
*paːlʔ, *paːls
*paːlʔ, *pʰaːlʔ
*pʰaːl, *pʰaːlʔ, *pʰaːls
*pʰaːl
*pʰaːl
*pʰaːls
*baːl
*baːl

Pictogram (象形) – a hand () stripping the fur from an animal pelt (similar to ). The pelt moved to the top left and became abstracted.

PronunciationEdit


Note: pei4-2 - “leather” (as a single word), also used in some compounds.
Note:
  • puòi - vernacular;
  • pì - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • phê/phêr/phôe - vernacular;
    • pî - vernacular (limited, e.g. 五加皮);
    • phî - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (13)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /bˠiᴇ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /bᵚiɛ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /biɛ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /bjiə̆/
    Li
    Rong
    /bje/
    Wang
    Li
    /bǐe/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱie̯/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bje ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m-[p](r)aj/
    English skin

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9711
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*bral/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. skin; hide; fur; leather
    2. peel; shell
    3. bark; rind
    4. wrapper; cover; skin
    5. surface; top part
    6. rubber
    7. thin sheet
    8. outer; superficial
    9. sticky; glutinous
    10. soggy; non-crispy
    11. naughty; disobedient
    12. thick-skinned
    13. (loanword) pico- (SI unit prefix)

    CompoundsEdit

    See alsoEdit

    SI prefix
    Last Next
    /

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    kapa → kaɸa → kawa.

    NounEdit

    (hiragana かわ, rōmaji kawa, historical hiragana かは)

    1. skin
      • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 2, page 33:
        皮 釋名云、皮. 音疲、加波

    Related termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (pi) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer p'i, Yale phi)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (, bề, vừa, bầy, bìa, vào)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.