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U+76AE, 皮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-76AE

[U+76AD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+76AF]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 107 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 木竹水 (DHE), four-corner 40247)

  1. Kangxi radical #107, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 790, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 22823
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1205, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2753, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+76AE

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pral, *prals
*pral, *prals
*pralʔ
*pralʔ
*pralʔ, *prals
*prals
*prals, *paːlʔ
*pʰral, *pʰralʔ
*pʰral
*pʰral, *pʰrals
*pʰral
*pʰral
*pʰral
*pʰral
*pʰral, *brals
*pʰral, *pʰrals
*pʰralʔ, *paːl
*bral
*bral
*bralʔ, *brals
*brals
*brals
*mbralʔ
*paːl
*paːl, *baːl
*paːl
*paːlʔ, *paːls
*paːlʔ, *pʰaːlʔ
*pʰaːl, *pʰaːlʔ, *pʰaːls
*pʰaːl
*pʰaːl
*pʰaːls
*baːl
*baːl

Pictogram (象形) – a hand () stripping the fur from an animal pelt (similar to ). The pelt moved to the top left and became abstracted.

PronunciationEdit


Note: pei4-2 - “leather” (as a single word), also used in some compounds.
Note:
  • puòi - vernacular;
  • pì - literary.
Note:
  • phê/phêr/phôe - vernacular;
  • pî - vernacular (limited, e.g. 五加皮);
  • phî - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (13)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bˠiᴇ/
Pan
Wuyun
/bᵚiɛ/
Shao
Rongfen
/biɛ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bjiə̆/
Li
Rong
/bje/
Wang
Li
/bǐe/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱie̯/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ bje ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-[p](r)aj/
English skin

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9711
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bral/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. skin; hide; fur; leather
  2. peel; shell
  3. bark; rind
  4. wrapper; cover; skin
  5. surface; top part
  6. rubber
  7. thin sheet
  8. outer; superficial
  9. sticky; glutinous
  10. soggy; non-crispy
  11. naughty; disobedient
  12. thick-skinned
  13. (loanword) pico- (SI unit prefix)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

kapa → kaɸa → kawa.

NounEdit

(hiragana かわ, rōmaji kawa, historical hiragana かは)

  1. skin
    • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 2, page 33:
      皮 釋名云、皮. 音疲、加波

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(pi) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer p'i, Yale phi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(, bề, vừa, bầy, bìa, vào)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.