U+6BDB, 毛
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6BDB

[U+6BDA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6BDC]
U+2F51, ⽑
KANGXI RADICAL FUR

[U+2F50]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F52]

Translingual

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Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 82, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 竹手山 (HQU), four-corner 20714, composition 丿)

Derived characters

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Descendants

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 591, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16772
  • Dae Jaweon: page 983, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1994, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6BDB

Chinese

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simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Pictogram (象形) – feather or hair.

Etymology 1

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From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s/r-m(u/i/ja)l (hair; fur; feather); related to (OC *mril, “eyebrow”) and cognate with Manipuri ꯃꯨꯅ (mun, pubic hair), Garo খিমিল (khimil, hair; fur), Proto-Lolo-Burmese *ʔ-məw¹ (body hair) (STEDT; Schuessler, 2007).

(Cantonese) (mold): folk etymology suggests from English mold.

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • mou4-1 - “hair; mold”.
Note:
  • mô͘ - literary, surname, impure, unrefined, crops, hair (literary);
  • mn̂g/mo͘/mô͘ (Zhangzhou) - vernacular, hair (vernacular), minute;
  • mâu - vernacular.
Note:
  • mo5 - vernacular;
  • mao5 - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (4) (4)
Final () (89) (89)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Baxter maw mawH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mɑu/ /mɑuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/mɑu/ /mɑuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/mɑu/ /mɑuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/maw/ /mawH/
Li
Rong
/mɑu/ /mɑuH/
Wang
Li
/mɑu/ /mɑuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mɑu/ /mɑuH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
máo mào
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
mou4 mou6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
máo
Middle
Chinese
‹ maw ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.mˁaw/
English hair

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 8780 8791
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*maːw/ /*maːws/

Definitions

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  1. hair (of humans or animals); fur; feather (Classifier: m;  c;  mn)
    [Cantonese]  ―  gai1 mou4 [Jyutping]  ―  chicken feather
  2. (dialectal) hair on the head
  3. mildew; mold
    [Cantonese]  ―  faat3 mou4-1 [Jyutping]  ―  to become moldy
  4. (colloquial) jiao; one tenth of a yuan or dollar; ten cents; dime
      ―  máo qián  ―  a jiao / ten cents
      ―  sān kuài liǎng máo  ―  three yuan and two jiao / three dollars and twenty cents
      ―  máodǎng  ―  wumao
  5. coarse; raw; semifinished
      ―  máochá  ―  raw tea
  6. (of an amount) gross
    Antonym: (jìng)
      ―  máo  ―  gross profit
      ―  máozhòng  ―  gross weight
  7. rough; sketchy
      ―  máo  ―  to make a rough estimate
  8. small; little
      ―  máomao  ―  drizzle
    孩子  ―  máoháizi  ―  mere child
  9. careless; unthinking
      ―  máoshǒumáojiǎo  ―  to be careless
  10. panicked; scared; nervous
      ―  bǎ wǒ xià máo le  ―  to have scared me
  11. angry; furious
  12. (of currency) depreciated
  13. (Mainland China, colloquial or slang) no; nothing; damn all; my ass
      ―  yǒu máo yòng  ―  be not effective or useful, to be of damn-all use
      ―  guǎn máo yòng  ―  be not effective or useful, to be of damn-all use
  14. (Cantonese, colloquial, always with the classifier) nothing; damn all; jack shit; bugger all (Classifier: c)
    Synonyms: ,
    [Cantonese, trad.]
    [Cantonese, simp.]
    nei5 sik1 tiu4 mou4 me1? [Jyutping]
    Do you know anything at all?
  15. (ACG) hair (in unnatural colours)
      ―  bái máo  ―  [the character] with white-coloured hair
      ―  jiǎmáo  ―  wig
  16. (Hokkien) tiny; minute
  17. (Hokkien) impure; contaminated; false; mixed
  18. (Mainland China Hokkien) crops; vegetation; greenery; plants
  19. (Mainland China Hokkien) unrefined; crude
  20. a surname
      ―  Máo Zédōng  ―  Mao Zedong (Mao Tse-tung), founder of the People's Republic of China
Usage notes
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In Standard Chinese, for hair on the human head, use 頭髮头发 (tóufa) instead.

Synonyms
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  • (hair on the head):
  • (jiao):

Compounds

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Descendants

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  • Arabic: مَاو (māw)
  • English: Mao
  • French: Mao
  • German: Mao
  • Italian: Mao
  • Persian: مائو (mâ'u)
  • Russian: Ма́о (Máo)
  • Turkish: Mao
  • Uyghur: ماۋ (maw)

Etymology 2

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Pronunciation

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Definitions

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  1. (Southern Min) mountain weed

References

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. hair, fur

Readings

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Etymology 1

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Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Attested in the Man'yōshū of circa 759 CE.[1] Ultimately from Proto-Japonic *kay. Cognate with Proto-Ryukyuan *ke (hair, fur).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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() (ke

  1. [from c. 759] hair, fur

Etymology 2

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Kanji in this term
もう
Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (maw).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(もう) (

  1. one thousandth
    1. one thousandth of a (sun) (approximately 0.0303 mm)
    2. one thousandth of a (monme) (exactly 3.75 mg)
    3. one thousandth of a (wari) (0.01 percent)

References

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  1. ^ ”, in 日本国語大辞典 [Nihon Kokugo Daijiten]‎[1] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, 2000
  2. 2.0 2.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tokyo: NHK Publishing, Inc., →ISBN

Korean

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Etymology

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “Middle Korean readings, if any”)

Pronunciation

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Hanja

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Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 터럭 (teoreok mo))

  1. Hanja form? of (hair).

Okinawan

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Kanji

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(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings

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Etymology

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From Proto-Ryukyuan *ke, from Proto-Japonic *kay. Cognate with Japanese (ke).

Noun

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(きー) (

  1. hair, fur

Derived terms

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Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: mao, mau, mào

  1. chữ Hán form of mao.
  2. Nôm form of mau (quick, fast).
  3. Nôm form of máu (blood).

Compounds

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