Japanese

edit
Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun'yomi

Etymology

edit

From Old Japanese. First attested in the Kojiki of 712 CE.[1] From Proto-Japonic *uku.

Pronunciation

edit
  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "浮く"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
浮く [ùkú]
Imperative (命令形) 浮け [ùké]
Key constructions
Passive 浮かれる かれる [ùkárérú]
Causative 浮かせる かせる [ùkásérú]
Potential 浮ける ける [ùkérú]
Volitional 浮こう [ùkóꜜò]
Negative 浮かない かない [ùkánáí]
Negative perfective 浮かなかった かなかった [ùkánáꜜkàttà]
Formal 浮かびます かびま [ùkábímáꜜsù]
Perfective 浮いた いた [ùítá]
Conjunctive 浮いて いて [ùíté]
Hypothetical conditional 浮けば [ùkéꜜbà]

Verb

edit

() (ukuintransitive godan (stem () (uki), past ()いた (uita))

  1. to float
    Synonym: 浮かぶ
    Antonym: 沈む
    からだが海面(かいめん)()
    karada ga kaimen ni uku
    The body is floating on the sea.
  2. to be loose; to unfasten
    (はしら)()いている
    hashira ga uite iru
    This pillar is loose.
  3. (of a person) to be excited
    ()かない(かお)
    ukanai kao
    unexcited expression
  4. to have left-over money
    ガソリン(だい)()かせる
    gasorin-dai o ukaseru
    to save money on gasoline
    (literally, “to float gasoline money”)
  5. to appear on the surface
    (さび)()
    sabi ga uku
    to rust

Conjugation

edit

References

edit
  1. ^ ”, in 日本国語大辞典 [Nihon Kokugo Daijiten]‎[1] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, 2000
  2. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN