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See also: 海獭

Contents

ChineseEdit

ocean; sea otter
trad. (海獺)
simp. (海獭)

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

海獺

  1. sea otter

DescendantsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Hyōgaiji
Irregular

Borrowing from Ainu ラッコ (rakko, otter).[1][2] The kanji spelling is from Chinese 海獺, and is jukujikun (熟字訓).

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

海獺 (hiragana らっこ, katakana ラッコ, rōmaji rakko)

  1. a sea otter
Usage notesEdit

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as ラッコ.

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
うみ
Grade: 2
うそ
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Compound of (umi, sea) +‎ (uso, otter);[1][2] see 川獺 (kawauso). Possibly from the superficial similarities between sea otters and (particularly young) sea lions.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

海獺 (hiragana うみうそ, rōmaji umiuso)

  1. (archaic) a sea lion
Usage notesEdit

The term 海驢 (ashika) is much more common for the sea lion sense.

SynonymsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
うみ
Grade: 2
おそ
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

/umiwoso//umioso/

Rare variant of umiuso above.[1][2] May be the original form.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

海獺 (hiragana うみおそ, rōmaji umioso, historical hiragana うみをそ)

  1. (rare) a sea lion

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
かい
Grade: 2
たつ
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 海獺 (xojX that, literally sea + otter). Compare modern Cantonese reading hoi2 caat3.

Note that the meaning diverged in Japanese from the original Chinese sense. See umiuso above for more.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

海獺 (hiragana かいたつ, rōmaji kaitatsu)

  1. (rare, zoology) a sea lion
  2. (rare, zoology) a seal
Usage notesEdit

The term 海驢 (ashika) is much more common for the sea lion sense. The term 海豹 (azarashi) is much more common for the seal sense.

SynonymsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

Kanji in this term
かい
Grade: 2
だつ
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

Rare variant of kaitatsu above, using the 慣用音 (kan'yōon) of datsu for the character.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

海獺 (hiragana かいたつ, rōmaji kaitatsu)

  1. (very rare, zoology) a sea lion
  2. (very rare, zoology) a seal
Usage notesEdit

The term 海驢 (ashika) is much more common for the sea lion sense. The term 海豹 (azarashi) is much more common for the seal sense.

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

海獺 (haedal, McCune-Reischauer: haedal, Yale: hāytal) (hangeul 해달)

  1. Hanja form? of 해달, “sea otter”.