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ChineseEdit

 
fire; angry; fierce; fiery; thriving
rat; mouse
simp. and trad.
(火鼠)
 
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PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

火鼠

  1. (Chinese mythology) fire rat or mouse (a mythological creature)
  2. (Taiwanese Hokkien) squirrel

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 松鼠 (“squirrel”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 松鼠, 栗鼠, 灰鼠
Taxonomic name 松鼠
Mandarin Beijing 松鼠
Taiwan 松鼠
Wanrong 圪獵
Xi'an 毛老鼠
Guiyang 松鼠
Cantonese Hong Kong 松鼠
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian) 膨尾鼠
Liudui (S. Sixian) 大尾鼠
Hsinchu (Hailu) 膨尾鼠
Dongshi (Dabu) 膨尾鼠
Hsinchu (Raoping) 膨尾鼠
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 膨鼠
Jin Taiyuan 圪猁
Pingyao 圪猁
Xinzhou 圪猁
Min Nan Xiamen 膨鼠
Taipei 膨鼠
Kaohsiung 膨鼠
Tainan 膨鼠
Taichung 膨鼠
Wuqi 膨鼠
Hsinchu 膨鼠
Taitung 膨鼠
Lukang 膨鼠
Yilan 膨鼠
Magong 膨鼠
Penang 膨鼠
Singapore 膨鼠
Puxian Min Putian 田家老鼠
Pinghua Nanning 松鼠
Wu Shanghai 松鼠

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
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Wikipedia ja
 
火鼠 (hinezumi, kaso): woodblock print from the Wakan Sansai Zue (和漢三才図会)
Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
ねずみ
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Compound of Old Japanese elements (hi, fire) +‎ (nezumi, rat, mouse).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

火鼠 (hiragana ひねずみ, rōmaji hinezumi)

  1. a fire-rat: an imaginary creature of ancient China resembling a white rat, thought to live in the volcanoes of the South China Sea and to have fireproof fur
    • 10th century: The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter
      唐土にある、火鼠の裘を給へ
      もろこしにある、ひねずみのかわごろもをたまえ
      Morokoshi ni aru, hinezumi no kawagoromo o tamae
      Get me the fur robe of the fire-rat in China...
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1

Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

/kwaso//kaso/

From Middle Chinese compound 火鼠 (MC huɑX ɕɨʌX, literally “fire rat”). Date of borrowing unknown.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

火鼠 (hiragana かそ, rōmaji kaso, historical hiragana くわそ)

  1. a fire-rat (see above)
Usage notesEdit

The hinezumi reading is more common.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN