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See also: Rat, RAT, rất, rät, and råt

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EnglishEdit

 
A brown rat, one of the many species of rat.
 
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PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English rat, rotte, from Old English ræt, as though from Proto-Germanic *rattaz, *rattō (compare West Frisian rôt, Dutch rat); but the rat was unknown in Northern Europe in antiquity, so if the Proto-Germanic word is real it must have referred to a different animal. Attestation of this family of words begins in the 12th century.

Some of the Germanic cognates show consonant variation, e.g. Middle High German rate, radde, ratte, ratze. The irregularity may be symptomatic of a late dispersal of the word, in which case it would not be old. Kroonen (2011) rather accounts for it with a Proto-Germanic stem *raþō nom., *ruttaz gen., showing both ablaut and a Kluge's law alternation, with the variation arising from varying remodellings in the daughters. This requires a Proto-Indo-European etymon in final *t, and is hence incompatible with the usual derivation from Proto-Indo-European *reh₁d- (to scrape).

NounEdit

rat (plural rats)

  1. (zoology) A medium-sized rodent belonging to the genus Rattus.
    • 2013 May-June, Charles T. Ambrose, “Alzheimer’s Disease”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 3, page 200:
      Similar studies of rats have employed four different intracranial resorbable, slow sustained release systems—surgical foam, a thermal gel depot, a microcapsule or biodegradable polymer beads.
  2. (informal) A term indiscriminately applied to numerous members of several rodent families (e.g. voles and mice) having bodies longer than about 12 cm, or 5 inches.
  3. (informal) A person who is known for betrayal; a scoundrel; a quisling.
    What a rat, leaving us stranded here!
  4. (informal) An informant or snitch.
  5. (slang) A person who routinely spends time at a particular location.
    Our teenager has become a mall rat.
    He loved hockey and was a devoted rink rat.
  6. Scab.
  7. (north-west London, slang) Vagina.
    Get your rat out.
  8. A wad of shed hair used as part of a hairstyle.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
See alsoEdit

VerbEdit

rat (third-person singular simple present rats, present participle ratting, simple past and past participle ratted)

  1. (usually with “on” or “out”) To betray someone and tell their secret to an authority or an enemy; to turn someone in, bewray.
    He ratted on his coworker.
    He is going to rat us out!
  2. (of a dog, etc.) To kill rats.
SynonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English ratten, further etymology unknown. Compare Middle High German ratzen (to scratch; rasp; tear). Could be related to write. See also rit.

NounEdit

rat (plural rats)

  1. (regional) A scratch or a score.
  2. (nautical, regional) A place in the sea with rapid currents and crags where a ship is likely to be torn apart in stormy weather.

VerbEdit

rat (third-person singular simple present rats, present participle ratting, simple past and past participle ratted)

  1. (regional) To scratch or score.
    He ratted a vertical line on his face with a pocket knife
    .
  2. (regional, rare, obsolete) To tear, rip, rend.
    Ratted to shreds.
Usage notesEdit

The verb "rat" is rarely used in the second sense. In the sense of to tear, rip, rend, the form to-rat is more common. Compare German zerreißen (to rip up, tear, rend).

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rat m (plural rats)

  1. rat

SynonymsEdit


DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rat n (singular definite rattet, plural indefinite rat)

  1. wheel, steering wheel

InflectionEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch ratte.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rat f (plural ratten, diminutive ratje n)

  1. rat

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French rat (rat), from Old French rat (rat), from Frankish *rato (rat); further origin uncertain. More at rat.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rat m (plural rats)

  1. rat
  2. (informal) sweetheart
  3. scrooch

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


KalashaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit रात्रि (rātri). Cognate with Hindi रात (rāt).

NounEdit

rat

  1. night

LojbanEdit

RafsiEdit

rat

  1. rafsi of ratni.

Middle DutchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Dutch *rath, from Proto-Germanic *raþą, from Proto-Indo-European *Hret-.

NounEdit

rat n

  1. wheel
    Synonyms: wiel
InflectionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Dutch *rath, from Proto-Germanic *raþaz, from Proto-Indo-European *Hret-.

AdjectiveEdit

rat

  1. fast, quick
InflectionEdit

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • rat”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • rat (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929
  • rat (III)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

NormanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French rat (rat).

NounEdit

rat m (plural rats)

  1. (Jersey, Guernsey) rat

Derived termsEdit


OccitanEdit

NounEdit

rat m (plural rats)

  1. (Rattus rattus)[1] black rat

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gui Benoèt, "Las bèstias", 2008, Toulouse, IEO Edicions, 2008, ISBN 978-2-85910-454-2, p. 161

Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Of Germanic origin. See rat for more.

NounEdit

rat m (oblique plural raz or ratz, nominative singular raz or ratz, nominative plural rat)

  1. rat (rodent)

DescendantsEdit


RomaniEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit रक्त (rakta, blood). Compare dialectal Hindi रात (rāt) and Punjabi ਰੱਤ (ratt, blood).

NounEdit

rat m (plural rat)

  1. blood

RomanschEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Frankish *rato (rat).

NounEdit

rat m (plural rats)

  1. (Surmiran) rat

SynonymsEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *ortь.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rȁt m (Cyrillic spelling ра̏т)

  1. war
    Sȁmo idìoti mȉslē da rȁt r(j)ešáva pròblēme.‎
    Only idiots think that war solves problems.

DeclensionEdit


Torres Strait CreoleEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English rat.

NounEdit

rat

  1. rat or mouse

SynonymsEdit


VolapükEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English rat.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rat (plural rats)

  1. rat (rodent of the family Muridae)

DeclensionEdit

HypernymsEdit

HyponymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit