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稲妻 (inazuma): lightning, especially cloud-to-ground lightning.
Kanji in this term
いな
Grade: S
つま > ずま
Grade: 5
kun’yomi

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compound of (ina, rice plant, ancient bound-form reading of modern ine) +‎ (tsuma, wife, spouse) or (tsuma, husband, spouse).[1][2][3] The tsuma changes to zuma as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

A belief in ancient times was that rice plants would mate with or otherwise be fertilized by lightning,[1][2][3] a frequent occurrence in the late summer and autumn when rice plants come to fruition.[3]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

稲妻 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 稻妻, hiragana いなずま, rōmaji inazuma, historical hiragana いなづま)

  1. lightning, a lightning bolt

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN