See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order

Han characterEdit

(radical 173 +5, 13 strokes, cangjie input 一月田山 (MBWU), four-corner 10716, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1373, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42253
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1882, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4060, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+96FB

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'iːns): semantic  ‎(rain) + phonetic  ‎(OC *hlin).

The in this character is a variant/corruption of (OC *hlin), used phonetically.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (7)
Final () (85)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/denH/
Pan
Wuyun
/denH/
Shao
Rongfen
/dɛnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dɛnH/
Li
Rong
/denH/
Wang
Li
/dienH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱienH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
diàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
diàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ denH ›
Old
Chinese
/*lˤi[n]-s/
English lightning

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11233
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'iːns/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. electricity
  2. electric; electrical
  3. lightning
  4. (colloquial) romantic attraction; chemistry
  5. Short for 電話电话 (diànhuà, “telephone; phone call”).
  6. Short for 電報电报 (diànbào, “telegram”).
  7. Short for 電臺电台 (diàntái, “broadcasting station; radio station”).
  8. to get an electric shock; to be electrocuted
  9. to make a telephone call
  10. to send a telegram
  11. fast; speedy

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. lightning
  2. electricity

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
いなずま
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Compound of いな ‎(ina, rice plant) +‎ つま ‎(tsuma, spouse). From an old folk belief that lightning joined with the rice plant to bring it to seed. The tsuma changes to zuma as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana いなずま, romaji inazuma, historical hiragana いなづま)

  1. lightning

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jeon) (hangeul , revised jeon, McCune-Reischauer chŏn, Yale cen)

  1. electricity

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(điện)

  1. electricity

CompoundsEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • Chữ Nôm. The modern Vietnamese word for electricity is điện.

ReferencesEdit

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