See also:
U+96FB, 電
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96FB

[U+96FA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96FC]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 173, +5, 13 strokes, cangjie input 一月田山 (MBWU), four-corner 10716, composition(GTJKV) or ⿱(H))

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1373, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42253
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1882, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4060, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+96FB

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script
   

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'iːns): semantic (rain) + phonetic (OC *hlin); also ideogrammic (會意): + (“lightning”).

EtymologyEdit

Sino-Tibetan or area word; compare Proto-Mien *liŋ (lightning), Chepang प्‍लीङ्‌हसा (pliŋh‑, to flash; to shine brightly) (Benedict, 1976; Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • diang6 - Shantou;
  • diêng6 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (7)
    Final () (85)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /denH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /denH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /dɛnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /dɛnH/
    Li
    Rong
    /denH/
    Wang
    Li
    /dienH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱienH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    diàn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    din6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    diàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ denH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*lˁi[n]-s/
    English lightning

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11233
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l'iːns/

    DefinitionsEdit

     

    1. (uncountable) lightning
      /   ―  shǎndiàn  ―  lightning
      閃雷鳴 / 闪雷鸣  ―  diànshǎnléimíng  ―  lightning flashes and thunder rumbles
    2. (uncountable) electric power or energy; electricity [from late 19th c.]
      手機 / 手机  ―  Wǒ shǒujī méi diàn le.  ―  My phone is dead.
      屋企而家 [Cantonese, trad.]
      屋企而家 [Cantonese, simp.]
      ngo5 uk1 kei5 ji4 gaa1 mou5 din6. [Jyutping]
      The power at my place is currently out.
      [Cantonese, trad.]
      [Cantonese, simp.]
      ngo5 bou6 nou5 mou5 din6 laa3. [Jyutping]
      My computer is dead.
    3. electric; electrical
    4. (dialectal, countable) battery (Classifier: c;  c)
    5. (colloquial, uncountable) romantic attraction; chemistry
    6. Short for 電話电话 (diànhuà, “telephone; phone call”).
    7. Short for 電報电报 (diànbào, “telegram”).
      /   ―  yàndiàn  ―  telegram of condolence
    8. Short for 電臺电台 (diàntái, “broadcasting station; radio station”).
    9. (transitive) to give an electric shock to
    10. to make a telephone call
    11. to send a telegram
    12. fast; speedy

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. lightning
    2. electricity

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Kanji in this term
    いなずま
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    Compound of いな (ina, rice plant) +‎ つま (tsuma, spouse). From an old folk belief that lightning joined with the rice plant to bring it to seed. The tsuma changes to zuma as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (いなずま) (inazumaいなづま (inaduma)?

    1. lightning

    SynonymsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC denH).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 뗜〮 (Yale: ttyén)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[2] 번〮게〮 (Yale: pénkéy) 뎐〯 (Yale: tyěn)

    PronunciationEdit

    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [t͡ɕʌ̹(ː)n]
    • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
      • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 번개 (beongae jeon))

    1. Hanja form? of (electricity; electric). [affix]

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: điện

    1. lightning
    2. electricity

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit