Japanese

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 アナグマ on Japanese Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
あな
Grade: 6
くま > ぐま
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

Etymology

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Compound of (ana, hole) +‎ (kuma, bear).[1][2] The kuma changes to guma as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(あな)(ぐま) or 穴熊(アナグマ) (anaguma

  1. a badger (Meles meles)
  2. (shogi) a shogi castle that locates the king at the corner of the board and fills all surrounding squares with defending pieces

Usage notes

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As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts (where katakana is customary), as アナグマ.

References

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  1. ^ Shōgaku Tosho (1988) 国語大辞典(新装版) [Unabridged Dictionary of Japanese (Revised Edition)] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ Kindaichi, Kyōsuke et al., editors (1997), 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Fifth edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tokyo: NHK Publishing, Inc., →ISBN