TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

Han characterEdit

(radical 86 +10, 14 strokes, cangjie input 戈心火 (IPF), four-corner 21331, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 679, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19294
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1090, character 32
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2227, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+718A

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (熊), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 云 (35)
Final: 東
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 羽弓切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɨuŋ/ /i̯uŋ/ /ɣiuŋ/ /ɦiuŋ/ /ɦuwŋ/ /ɣĭuŋ/ /ɣiuŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xióng ‹ hjuwng › /*C.[ɢ]ʷ(r)əm/ bear (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13906 1 /*ɢʷlɯm/

NounEdit

(classifiers , )

  1. (Advanced Mandarin) a bear (mammal)

Proper nounEdit

  1. A surname​: Xiong (mainland China), Hsiung (Taiwan), Hung (Hong Kong)

VerbEdit

  1. (colloquial) to scold
  2. to oppress, to tyrannise

AdjectiveEdit

  1. mean; malicious; merciless
  2. loutish; oafish

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. bear

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(kuma): a brown bear.
Kanji in this term
くま
Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Probably cognate with ‎(kuma, inside corner; inner bend; hollow or hole in something), perhaps from the way that bears often live in dens. Probably also cognate with Korean ‎(gom, bear; hole).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana くま, katakana クマ, romaji kuma)

  1. (zoology) a bear
  2. (slang) a bear, an otter: a hairy man, especially one who is gay

Usage notesEdit

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as クマ.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ung) (hangeul , revised ung, McCune-Reischauer ung, Yale wung)

  1. ( , gom ung): bear

SynonymsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hùng)

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